[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The uptake and long-term cross-presentation of tumor Ag long peptides (LP) by dendritic cells (DC) make them attractive cancer vaccine candidates. However, it remains to be established whether LP can prime long-lived tumor-reactive CTL and whether other cell types are able to cross-present them. Using HLA-A2 healthy donor and melanoma patient-derived PBMC, we studied the in vitro cross-priming potential of Melan-A 16-40 LP bearing the HLA-A2-restricted epitope 26-35 or its analog 26-35(A27L) and compared it to the priming capacity of the short analog. We then addressed LP priming capacity in vivo using HLA-A2 mice. We also studied LP cross-presentation by monocyte-derived DC, plasmacytoid DC, monocytes, and B cells. We showed that the modified LP gave rise to high and sustained cross-presentation by monocyte-derived DC. This led to cross priming in vitro and in vivo and to expansion of long-lived tumor-reactive cytotoxic T cells. In contrast, the LP containing the natural 26-35 epitope primed specific T cells poorly, despite its long-lived cross-presentation, and T cells primed against the short analog were short-lived. We further showed that LP cross-presentation is restricted to monocytes and conventional DC. These results document for the first time, to our knowledge, the strong immunogenicity of a human tumor Ag LP. Of note, they underscore that this property is critically dependent on sufficient HLA binding affinity and/or TCR ligand potency of the cross-presented epitope. We conclude that LP fulfilling this requirement should be used as tumor vaccines, together with DC maturating agents, especially the Melan-A 16-40(A27L) LP, for the treatment of HLA-A2(+) melanoma patients.
The Journal of Immunology 03/2012; · 5.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The structural rules governing peptide/MHC (pMHC) recognition by T cells remain unclear. To address this question, we performed a structural characterization of several HLA-A2/peptide complexes and assessed in parallel their antigenicity, by analyzing the frequency of the corresponding Ag-specific naive T cells in A2(+) and A2(-) individuals, as well as within CD4(+) and CD8(+) subsets. We were able to find a correlation between specific naive T cell frequency and peptide solvent accessibility and/or mobility for a subset of moderately prominent peptides. However, one single structural parameter of the pMHC complexes could not be identified to explain each peptide antigenicity. Enhanced pMHC antigenicity was associated with both highly biased TRAV usage, possibly reflecting favored interaction between particular pMHC complexes and germline TRAV loops, and peptide structural features allowing interactions with a broad range of permissive CDR3 loops. In this context of constrained TCR docking mode, an optimal peptide solvent exposed surface leading to an optimal complementarity with TCR interface may constitute one of the key features leading to high frequency of specific T cells. Altogether our results suggest that frequency of specific T cells depends on the fine-tuning of several parameters, the structural determinants governing TCR-pMHC interaction being just one of them.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 11/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence that serum levels of soluble class I HLA molecules (sHLA-I) can, under various pathological conditions, correlate with disease stage and/or patient survival, has stimulated interest in defining whether sHLA-I can exert immunological functions. However, despite a mounting number of publications suggesting the ability of sHLA-I to affect immune effectors in vitro, the precise underlying mechanism still remains controversial. In this article, we address potential functions of both classical and nonclassical sHLA-I, using soluble recombinant HLA-I/peptide monomers, and clearly demonstrate their ability to trigger Ag-specific activation of CD8 T cells in vitro. Furthermore, we provide strong evidence that this behavior results from the passive transfer of peptides from monomers to T cell-bound HLA-I molecules, allowing for fratricide representation and activation. Hence, we proposed a unifying model of T cell activation by HLA-I/peptide monomers, reappraising the potential involvement of sHLA-I molecules in the immune response.
The Journal of Immunology 04/2014; 192(11). · 5.36 Impact Factor
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