Combined effects of IL-12 and IL-18 on the induction of collagen-induced arthritis.
ABSTRACT IL-18 expression has recently been detected in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial membrane. We investigated the mechanisms by which IL-18-induced collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice primed intradermally with type II bovine collagen in IFA and boosted i.p. 21 days later with CII in saline. Mice were injected i.p. with rIL-12, rIL-18, or both (100 ng) during days -1 to 4 and again on days 20-24. Control mice received PBS. Mice treated with IL-12 or IL-18 alone developed significantly higher incidence and more severe disease compared with controls. These were elevated further by combination treatment with IL-12 and IL-18. The cytokine treatments led to markedly enhanced synovial hyperplasia, cellular infiltration, and cartilage erosion compared with controls. Cytokine-treated mice produced significantly more IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 than the controls. Interestingly, IL-18-treated mice produced more TNF-alpha and IL-6, but less IFN-gamma, compared with mice treated with IL-12. Furthermore, splenic macrophages from DBA/1 mice cultured in vitro with IL-18, but not IL-12, produced substantial amounts of TNF-alpha. Mice treated with IL-18 or IL-18 plus IL-12 produced markedly more IgG1 and IgG2a anti-collagen Ab compared with controls, whereas IL-12 treatment only led to an enhanced IgG2a response. Together these results demonstrate that IL-18 can promote collagen-induced inflammatory arthritis through mechanisms that may be distinct from those induced by IL-12.
Article: Deletion of interleukin-12p40 suppresses autoimmune cholangitis in dominant negative transforming growth factor beta receptor type II mice.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Our laboratory has reported that mice that express a dominant negative form of transforming growth factor beta receptor restricted to T cells (dnTGFbetaRII) develop an inflammatory biliary ductular disease with elevated serum levels of interleukin (IL)-12p40 and other proinflammatory cytokines and antimitochondrial autoantibodies (AMAs) closely resembling human primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). We have used this mouse model to address the potential mechanisms of immunomodulation of liver disease by creating two unique genetic strains: IL-12p40 knockout (KO)-dnTGFbetaRII mice and IFN-gamma KO-dnTGFbetaRII mice. The two colonies of genetically modified mice-and, for purposes of controls, the dnTGFbetaRII mice-were monitored for liver immunopathology, AMAs, and intrahepatic cytokine production. Disease expression in the IFN-gamma KO-dnTGFbetaRII mice, including liver immunopathology, were similar to those of dnTGFbetaRII mice, whereas the IL-12p40 KO-dnTGFbetaRII mice had a dramatic reduction in histological autoimmune cholangitis and significant decreases in levels of intrahepatic proinflammatory cytokines, but similar levels of AMAs compared with dnTGFbetaRII controls. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that in this mouse model of PBC, signaling by way of IL-12p40 is an essential requirement for the development of autoimmune cholangitis. The results of these studies will play an important role in identifying pathways and reagents that will selectively inhibit IL-12 signaling for the outlining of future therapeutic strategies for human PBC.Hepatology 07/2009; 50(5):1494-500. · 11.66 Impact Factor
Article: Interleukin-18 as an in vivo mediator of monocyte recruitment in rodent models of rheumatoid arthritis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The function of interleukin-18 (IL-18) was investigated in pertinent animal models of rodent rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to determine its proinflammatory and monocyte recruitment properties. We used a modified Boyden chemotaxis system to examine monocyte recruitment to recombinant human (rhu) IL-18 in vitro. Monocyte recruitment to rhuIL-18 was then tested in vivo by using an RA synovial tissue (ST) severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse chimera. We defined monocyte-specific signal-transduction pathways induced by rhuIL-18 with Western blotting analysis and linked this to in vitro monocyte chemotactic activity. Finally, the ability of IL-18 to induce a cytokine cascade during acute joint inflammatory responses was examined by inducing wild-type (Wt) and IL-18 gene-knockout mice with zymosan-induced arthritis (ZIA). We found that intragraft injected rhuIL-18 was a robust monocyte recruitment factor to both human ST and regional (inguinal) murine lymph node (LN) tissue. IL-18 gene-knockout mice also showed pronounced reductions in joint inflammation during ZIA compared with Wt mice. Many proinflammatory cytokines were reduced in IL-18 gene-knockout mouse joint homogenates during ZIA, including macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha (MIP-3alpha/CCL20), vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF), and IL-17. Signal-transduction experiments revealed that IL-18 signals through p38 and ERK1/2 in monocytes, and that IL-18-mediated in vitro monocyte chemotaxis can be significantly inhibited by disruption of this pathway. Our data suggest that IL-18 may be produced in acute inflammatory responses and support the notion that IL-18 may serve a hierarchic position for initiating joint inflammatory responses.Arthritis research & therapy 01/2010; 12(3):R118. · 4.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Statins (hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) are effective in reducing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with hyperlipidemia, hypertension, or type II diabetes. Next to their cholesterol-lowering activity, statins have immunomodulatory properties. Based on these properties, we hypothesized that statin use may eventually lead to dysregulation of immune responses, possibly resulting in autoimmunity. We have recently shown in an observational study that statin use was associated with an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Our objective was to investigate whether a causal relationship could be established for this finding. The mouse collagen type II (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) model was used, with immunization, challenge, and euthanasia at days 0, 21, and 42, respectively. Statins were given orally before (day -28 until day 21) or after (day 21 until day 42) CIA induction. Atorvastatin (0.2 mg/day) or pravastatin (0.8 mg/day) was administered. Arthritis was recorded three times a week. Serum anti-CII autoantibodies and cytokines in supernatants from Concanavalin-A-stimulated lymph node cells and CII-stimulated spleen cells were measured. Statin administration accelerated arthritis onset and resulted in 100% arthritic animals, whereas only seven out of 12 nonstatin control animals developed arthritis. Atorvastatin administration after CIA induction resulted in earlier onset than atorvastatin administration before induction, or than pravastatin administration before or after induction. The arthritic score of animals given pravastatin before CIA induction was similar to that of the nonstatin controls, whereas the other groups that received statins showed higher arthritic scores. Atorvastatin administration, especially before CIA induction, increased anti-CII autoantibody production. IL-2 and IL-17 production by lymph node and spleen cells was higher in CIA animals than in PBS controls, but was not affected by statin administration. While IFNγ production was not affected by CIA induction, atorvastatin administration before CIA induction increased the production of this cytokine. These data support previous results from our observational studies, indicating a role for statins in the induction of autoimmunity.Arthritis research & therapy 04/2012; 14(2):R90. · 4.27 Impact Factor