Kidney transplantation in recipients with atherosclerotic iliac vessels.
ABSTRACT The influence of atherosclerotic lesions of hypogastric and iliac arteries of kidney recipients on intraoperative surgical technique and one-year graft and patient survival was investigated. Among 1553 transplanted kidneys atherosclerotic lesions which required surgical intervention were found in 201 (12.9%) recipients. Thrombendarterectomy (TEA) of hypogastric artery was performed in 142 cases with subsequent anastomosis with the renal artery. Occlusion of hypogastric artery was an indication for renal graft artery to external iliac artery anastomosis in 32 patients. Atherosclerotic changes in external and common iliac artery required TEA in 25 patients and anastomosis between renal artery and external artery was performed. Ilio-iliac bypass or Y-graft simultaneously with kidney transplantation were performed in two cases. One-year survival rate of allografts and patients was 88% and 93%, respectively. No grafts were removed due to kidney artery thrombosis. We conclude that hypogastric artery after TEA provides adequate blood supply to kidney graft.
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ABSTRACT: Renal transplant recipients are prone to accelerated atherosclerosis secondary to immunosuppressants, which may decrease graft survival. We sought to analyze the effects on renal graft survival of atherosclerotic degeneration in the renal artery and the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene polymorphisms. Thirty three renal transplant recipients (25 men) of mean age 28.4 +/- 9.6 years, received organs from 11 living related donors and were followed for at least 36 months. Genotyping was performed for the insertion/deletion ACE (I/D), angiotensin (AGT) (M-->T, 235), angiotensine 1 receptor (A-->C, 1166), angiotensin 2-receptor (A-->G, 1223), and ecNOS (b-->a, intron4) gene polymorphisms. Renal artery biopsies were performed during transplantation surgery to analyze the presence of atherosclerosis. Pathological examination indicated that 18 donor specimens and nine recipient specimens had atherosclerotic degeneration. Survival analysis (36 months) indicated that graft survival rates of recipients who had atherosclerosis in the renal artery and who received an organ from donors with an atherosclerotic renal artery were shorter than in their counterparts (P = .02, P = .04, respectively). Comparison of genetic variations of recipients revealed that CC/TC variation of AGT was higher in patients with atherosclerosis (81% vs 53%, P = .03). There was no significant difference between groups in means of other gene polymorphisms. Renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphism analysis of patients in renal transplantation waiting list may provide information about allograft survival and posttransplant atherosclerotic degeneration at graft vasculature of young transplant recipients.Transplantation Proceedings 09/2005; 37(7):2929-32. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2005.08.028 · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Because recipient age has significantly increased in the last 15 years, surgeons must sometimes deal with atherosclerotic lesions of the iliac arterial system. Arterial restoration during renal transplantation should now be less frequent due to better preoperative screening and the prevention of arteriosclerosis in patients on renal transplantation waiting lists but in some patients EIA atheroma may require an additional surgical vascular procedure during renal transplantation. We describe the role of iliac artery atherosclerosis and the technical aspects of arterial restoration performed in patients who have undergone renal transplantation since 1985. In a series of 1,110 cadaveric renal transplantations performed between 1985 and 2000, 38 patients required endarterectomy during renal transplantation and 69 were considered not to require any special procedure. In the 38 patients requiring endarterectomy a total of 12 end-to-end arterial anastomoses were performed and 6 ASs (50%) were observed, while 26 side-to-end arterial anastomoses were performed with only 1 AS (4%). Patient and graft survival curves showed a significant negative correlation with the severity of atherosclerosis. Preoperative assessment of the EIA is mandatory before renal transplantation. Renal transplantation can be performed in patients with an atheromatous EIA if the artery can be clamped for endarterectomy. In our experience side-to-end anastomosis using a donor patch onto the EIA provides better results by avoiding AS after endarterectomy. However, despite vascular repair graft survival is significantly lower in patients with atheromatous lesions requiring endarterectomy.The Journal of Urology 03/2006; 175(3 Pt 1):1036-9. DOI:10.1016/S0022-5347(05)00325-3 · 3.75 Impact Factor