Ketorolac improves recovery after outpatient anorectal surgery
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ketorolac combined with local anesthetics for anorectal surgery.
From June 1998 through March 1999, 123 outpatients undergoing anorectal surgery were entered into a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study involving three treatment groups. All patients received intravenous sedation consisting of fentanyl and a propofol infusion, with a local anesthesia mixture of lidocaine, bupivacaine, and bicarbonate. Group A (41 patients) received placebo (saline) injections. Group B (41 patients) received 60 mg of intravenous ketorolac at the onset of the procedure, and Group C (41 patients) received 60 mg of ketorolac mixed with the local anesthetic. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and chi-squared tests.
All groups had similar demographic characteristics and operative procedures. Twenty-nine of the 123 patients were human immunodeficiency virus-positive. There was no difference in operative or anesthesia time. Anesthesia and fluids given were similar in across groups. A significantly higher percentage of Group A patients had pain (34 percent) and required additional oral analgesia (20 percent) in the Day Surgery Unit. Only 5 percent of Group B and Group C patients complained of pain, with oral analgesics given to 2 percent of Group B and none in Group C. Voiding difficulties were more common in Group A patients, one patient requiring catheterization.
The addition of ketorolac (60 mg), either intravenous or injected with local anesthetics, reduces voiding problems and significantly decreases postoperative analgesic requirements in outpatients undergoing anorectal surgery.
- SourceAvailable from: Hamid Ghaderi
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- "Groups 1 and 4 had the highest level of pain. These results are in line with studies that used general, spinal, or local anesthesia to reduce pain, including studies by Place et al. , Notaras , and Bell . "
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Article: Anesthesia and pain management[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
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ABSTRACT: An important and often forgotten aspect of postoperative care occurs after the patient is discharged from the ambulatory surgical center. With more than 60% of all surgeries and procedures occurring on an ambulatory basis, what happens after the patient is no longer in continuous professional care is of concern to the ambulatory nurse. Numerous physical postoperative complaints are common and expected sequelae of anesthesia and surgery in the ambulatory patient. In this article, important postdischarge complications are reviewed and contemporary management options discussed. The information contained in this review article is valuable to the provider in educating patients regarding their anticipated course of postoperative recovery. OBJECTIVES: -Based on the content of this article, the reader should be able to (1) identify important postdischarge complications to provide patients with comprehensive discharge instructions regarding their continued recovery at home; (2) discuss contemporary management options available to treat postdischarge complications; (3) realize the incidence of specific postdischarge complications and how that relates to patient satisfaction with the surgical experience; (4) recognize signs and symptoms of postdischarge complications; and (5) identify risk factors of patients for developing specific complications in the postoperative phase.Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing 01/2002; 16(6):399-417; quiz 417-9. DOI:10.1053/jpan.2001.28891 · 0.89 Impact Factor