Article

Antifungal substances against pathogenic fungi, talaroconvolutins, from talaromyces convolutus.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan.
Journal of Natural Products (Impact Factor: 3.29). 07/2000; 63(6):768-72. DOI: 10.1021/np990371x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The dichloromethane extract of Talaromyces convolutus cultivated on barley exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans. In the course of a search for the active compounds, four new tetramic acid derivatives, talaroconvolutins A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4), were isolated along with ZG-1494alpha (5), and mitorubrin derivatives. The structures of talaroconvolutins A-D (1-4) were established on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical investigations and chemical correlations. The antifungal activity of the talaroconvolutins against the pathogenic fungi Aspergillus fumigates, Aspergillus niger, C. albicans, and Cryptococcus neoformans was determined.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
45 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Covering: up to early 2013Fungal polyketides and their hybrid non ribosomal peptide derivatives are characterized by often striking structural features and biological activities. Their diversity and their complexity arise from highly organized and programmable biosynthetic pathways and have been challenged by many synthetic chemists. This review will conceptually illustrate how complexity can be generated, starting from a general biosynthetic purpose (the fundaments of PKS-NRPS assembly lines) and finally showing how the particular class of hirsutellone compounds has emerged from such processes in relation to post-elongation and secondary tailoring events. Synthetic efforts to produce these natural products will be described with a special emphasis on complexity-generating strategies and steps. Thus, the biosynthetic and synthetic works will be analyzed in a continuous flow, focusing on both the logic of Nature and organic chemists.
    Natural Product Reports 05/2013; · 10.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first total synthesis of diaporthichalasin has been successfully achieved and complete structure elucidation, including the absolute configuration, was also accomplished. The intramolecular Diels-Alder (IMDA) reaction between the diene side chain on the decalin skeleton and α,β-unsaturated γ-hydroxy-γ-lactam in aqueous media was effectively employed as the key step. From this synthetic study, we found that α,β-unsaturated γ-hydroxy-γ-lactam is an essential precursor for the construction of the diaporthichalasin-type pentacyclic skeleton. This important finding strongly suggests that this route is involved in the biosynthetic pathway for diaporthichalasin.
    Chemistry - An Asian Journal 03/2013; · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two new Talaromyces species, T. thailandensis and T. tratensis, isolated from forest soil in Trat in Thailand are described. ITS barcodes were used to show the relationships between the newly described species and other Talaromyces taxa. b-tubulin and RPB1 sequences were used for the detailed analysis and the phylogenetic data showed that Talaromyces tratensis resolved in a clade closely related to T. rotundus, T. phialosporus and T. tardifaciens, which contain species that typically display restricted growth. Talaromyces thailandensis was resolved in different clades for each gene in a position closely related to T. macrosporus and T. flavus where they can be distinguished by length of stipe and shape of conidia.