Effects of a novel non-carboxylic thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist (BM-531) derived from torasemide on platelet function.
ABSTRACT In this study we examined the thromboxane A(2)(TXA(2)) receptor antagonist property of BM-531 (N-tert -butyl- N'-[(2-cyclohexylamino-5-nitrobenzene)sulfonyl]urea), a torasemide derivative, on platelet function. The drug affinity for human washed platelet TXA(2)receptors labelled with [(3)H]SQ-29,548 has been determined (IC50: 0.0078 microM) and demonstrated to be higher than sulotroban (IC50: 0.93 microM) and SQ-29,548 (IC50: 0.021 microM). The antiaggregatory potency has been confirmed since we demonstrated that BM-531 prevented platelet aggregation in human citrated platelet-rich plasma induced by arachidonic acid (600 microM) (ED100: 0.125 microM), U-46619, a stable TXA(2)agonist (1 microM) (ED50: 0.482 microM) and collagen (1 microg mL(-1)) (% of inhibition: 42.9% at 10 microM) and inhibited the second wave of ADP (2 microM). Moreover, when BM-531 was incubated in whole blood from healthy donors, the closure time measured by the recently developed platelet function analyser (PFA-100(trade mark)) was significantly prolonged. These results suggest that BM-531 can be regarded as a novel non-carboxylic TXA(2)antagonist with a powerful antiplatelet potency.
Article: BM-520, an original TXA2 modulator, inhibits the action of thromboxane A2 and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alphain vitro and in vivo on human and rodent platelets, and aortic vascular smooth muscles from rodents.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) are two prostanoid agonists of the thromboxane A(2) receptor (TP), whose activation has been involved in platelet aggregation and atherosclerosis. Agents able to counteract the actions of these agonists are of great interest in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular events. Here, we investigated in vitro and in vivo the pharmacological profile of BM-520, a new TP antagonist. In our experiments, this compound showed a great binding affinity for human washed platelets TP receptors, and prevented human platelet activation and aggregation induced by U-46619, arachidonic acid and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha). The TP receptor antagonist property of BM-520 was confirmed by its relaxing effect on rat aorta smooth muscle preparations precontracted with U-46619 and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha). Further, its TP antagonism was also demonstrated in vivo in guinea pig after a single intravenous injection (10 mg kg(-1)). We conclude that this novel TP antagonist could be a promising therapeutic tool in pathologies such as atherosclerosis where an increased production of TXA(2) and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha), as well as TP activation are well-established pathogenic events.Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators 09/2007; 84(1-2):14-23. · 2.70 Impact Factor
Article: Pharmacological evaluation of both enantiomers of (R,S)-BM-591 as thromboxane A2 receptor antagonists and thromboxane synthase inhibitors.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to evaluate the anti-thromboxane activity of two pure enantiomers of (R,S)-BM-591, a nitrobenzene sulfonylurea chemically related to torasemide, a loop diuretic. The drug affinity for thromboxane A2 receptor (TP) of human washed platelets has been determined. In these experiments, (R)-BM-591 (IC50 = 2.4+/-0.1 nM) exhibited a significant higher affinity than (S)-BM-591 (IC50 = 4.2+/-0.15 nM) for human washed platelets TP receptors. Both enantiomers were stronger ligands than SQ-29548 (IC50 = 21.0+/-1.0 nM) and sulotroban (IC50 = 930+/-42 nM), two reference TXA2 receptor antagonists. Pharmacological characterisations of (S)-BM-591 and (R)-BM-591 were compared in several models. Thus, (R)-BM-591 strongly prevented platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) (600 microM) and U-46619 (1 microM) while (S)-BM-591 showed a lower activity. On isolated tissues pre-contracted by U-46619, a stable TXA2 agonist, (S)-BM-591 was more potent in relaxing guinea-pig trachea (EC50 = 0.272+/-0.054 microM) and rat aorta (EC50 = 0.190+/-0.002 microM) than (R)-BM-591 (EC50 of 9.60+/-0.63 microM and 0.390+/-0.052 microM, respectively). Moreover, at 1 microM, (R)-BM-591 totally inhibited TXA2 synthase activity, expressed as TXB2 production from human platelets, while at the same concentration, (S)-BM-591 poorly reduced the TXB2 synthesis (22%). Finally, in rats, both enantiomers lost the diuretic activity of torasemide. In conclusion, (R)-BM-591 exhibits a higher affinity and antagonism on human platelet TP receptors than (S)-BM-591 as well as a better thromboxane synthase inhibitory potency. In contrast, (S)-BM-591 is more active than the (R)-enantiomer in relaxing smooth muscle contraction of rat aorta and trachea guinea pig. Consequently, (R)-BM-591 represents the best candidate for further development in the field of thrombosis disorders.Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators 11/2004; 74(1-4):75-86. · 2.70 Impact Factor