[Information level about drugs prescribed to ambulatory patients in a university hospital].
ABSTRACT Lack of information on medication is one of the main reasons why some 30-50% of patients fail to take their medicines as prescribed. To assess patient knowledge about prescribed drugs, outpatients from an internal medicine clinic in a teaching hospital were interviewed after medical consultation. Patients were asked to identify the name, indication, dosage, administration schedule, duration of treatment, side effects, and precautions. Patients' answers were compared to medical prescription or patients' medical records. Two hundred and sixty-four patients were interviewed, of whom 34% displayed satisfactory knowledge. In 31% of cases the drug name stated was incorrect, while in 19% the reported indication differed from that on the medical records. Dosage and administration schedules stated by patients disagreed with physician's instructions in 19% and 31% of cases, respectively. The results suggest that the majority of outpatients have sufficient knowledge for the safe use of prescribed drugs, under an ideal outpatient setting.
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ABSTRACT: Hospital emergency departments provide health care to patients with various ailments and illnesses. If necessary, doctors write prescriptions for patients who visit emergency departments for their use after discharge from hospitals. It is important to inform patients about their prescribed medications because compliance with the prescription plays an important role in the success of the treatment. If a patient must use more than one medication, this might result in negative drug interactions. These undesirable developments may adversely affect the treatment process and cause many unplanned patient visits to emergency departments. This study was carried out to determine patient knowledge as related to the names, dosage, frequency, purpose and course of medications given on discharge from emergency departments. Study subjects were patients who came to the emergency department between the hours of 8 am and 8 pm during a period of 1 month. Data were collected through use of a questionnaire. In this study, it was found that 37% of the patients (37 patients) had no knowledge at all about the prescribed medications; however, out of 63 patients, 61.9% had knowledge of when to take the medications, 57.1% knew the purpose of the particular medications, and 52.3% were aware of the appropriate dosage. Furthermore, 31.7% knew the name of the medications and 25.3% knew something about their prescribed course. Upon discharge from emergency departments, patients should be fully and properly informed about their prescribed medications through a written document. Providing patients with information concerning the correct use of their prescribed medications enables them to use the medications appropriately, thereby increasing not only their satisfaction but also their compliance with the treatment plan. As a result, this vital information may help to decrease rehospitalizations.Journal of Emergency Nursing 05/2013; 39(3):e27-32. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The public health system in Brazil is insufficient to provide basic pharmaceutical and medical care to the population. Currently, some herbal therapy programs are being developed in primary healthcare services to supply the communities lacking basic medicines. To investigate the use of herbal medicines in primary health care in Maracanaú, a northeast Brazilian city. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in family health care units in Maracanaú during August and September of 2002. Two hundred twenty-six patients were interviewed via structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analysis was accomplished using sample size and proportions. Chi2 and Student's t-tests were used to compare percentages and means, respectively. Among the 226 patients interviewed, 144 (63.7%) reported previous use of herbal medicines. Among those, 131 (90.9%) observed therapeutic benefits from herbal medicines. We identified 10 types of herbal medicines in the prescriptions, including syrups, dyes, capsules, and ointments, for the treatment of respiratory problems (63.8%), skin conditions (15.3%), diabetes mellitus (11.4%), and other illnesses. Further, we observed that some herbal medicines were not being produced during the study period and that several patients were not aware of the fact that they were receiving herbal medicine. Data support the use of herbal therapy in primary health care in Maracanaú. However, there is a need to conduct further study on the efficacy and safety of these herbal medicines, as well as on their quality control.Annals of Pharmacotherapy 01/2005; 39(7-8):1336-41. · 2.57 Impact Factor