Structure of the Bufo arenarum kidney: renal corpuscle, neck segment and proximal tubule.
ABSTRACT The structural organization of the renal corpuscle (RC), ciliated neck segment (NS) and the proximal tubule (PT) were studied in the toad, Bufo arenarum, by means of light and transmission electron microscopy. The ciliated neck segment and the proximal tubule are located in the dorsolateral zone of the kidney, while the distal tubules are located in a ventromedial zone. RC are found between these two zones. The glomerular filter apparatus consists of the podocyte epithelium, a basement membrane, a subendothelial space and an endothelium. The podocyte emits cytoplasmatic processes extending over the surface of the glomerular capillaries. These processes divide into further processes ending in expansions known as pediceles. The basement membrane consists of a lamina rara externa and a rather thin lamina densa, while the subendothelial space contains collagen fibers and slender cytoplasmic processes of the mesangial cells. NS are composed of ciliated cells with a characteristic location of the mitochondria. The PT consists of prismatic cells with a dense luminal brush border of long microvilli and numerous apical vesicles. The basal cell membrane is increased by small infoldings. One characteristic structure of the cytoplasm is the presence of lipid droplets. The cytological structure of PT cells can be considered as an adaptation for the reabsorption of organic materials.
SourceAvailable from: Gladys Noemí Hermida[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The ultrastructure of the intermediate segment (IS), distal tubule and collecting tubule (CT) of the south american toad Bufo arenarum, was studied by light and transmission electron microscopy. The IS is composed of cubical ciliated cells which propel the urine along the renal tubule. The distal tubule is divided into two portions: the early distal tubule (EDT) and the late distal tubule (LDT). The EDT is characterized by only one type of cells with well developed basolateral interdigitations and numerous elongated mitochondria, which are oriented normal to the basal surface. The "macula densa--like" is a specialized zone of the EDT in contact with the vascular pole, where cells are more tightly packed than in the rest of the tubule. The LDT shows two types of cells called dark and light cells according to the appearance of their cytoplasm. Dark cells have microplicae and few but long microvilli at their luminal surface, and abundant mitochondria in their cytoplasm. Light cells show basal and lateral infoldings and few mitochondria. The CT, which is composed of dark and light cells, exhibits an enlarged lumen with an undulated surface and dilated spaces between neighbouring cells. This work is a contribution to the knowledge of the kidney of B. arenarum; frequently used as an experimental model for physiological and biochemical studies.Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 05/2003; 27(1):19-28. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The renal tubular uptake of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in frog Rana temporaria was studied by laser confocal microscopy. The specific green fluorescence was revealed in the proximal tubule cells 30 min after intravenous GFP injection. The GFP fluorescence was distributed predominantly in the apical part of the cytoplasm in the form of the intensively fluorescing vesicles. The GFP injections increased dose-dependently the GFP tubular uptake. This was confirmed by the quantitative assessment of intensity of the specific fluorescence, its relative vesicular density, and by correlation analysis. Preliminary administration of arginine vasotocin into the dorsal lymphatic sac decreased significantly the GFP absorption. The effect of arginine vasotocin was inhibited by pretreatment a vasopressin V1-receptor antagonist. These results suggest that a decrease in the GFP absorption is due to a fall of the AVT-dependent glomerular filtration rate and consequently a decrease in the filtered GFP amount. The effect of arginine vasotocin on the GFP absorption seems to be mediated via the V1-like receptors of preglomerular blood vessels.Zhurnal evoliutsionnoĭ biokhimii i fiziologii 02/2011; 47(1):54-61. DOI:10.1134/S0022093011010087
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ABSTRACT: The capacity for protein reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule (PT) were studied in Rana temporaria frogs by separate, simultaneous and sequential introduction of yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) and green fluorescent protein (GFP). The uptake patterns of YFP and GFP in PT epithelial cells were investigated 15-120 min after their bolus intravenous and intraperitoneal injection. As shown by confocal microscopy, the tubular uptake of YFP and GFP was time- and dose-dependent. These proteins are absorbed in similar way and can be accumulated in the same endocytic vesicles after their combined injections. When GFP was injected 30 and 90 min before YFP, and vise versa, the number of vesicles with pre-injected protein increased and the percentage of vesicles with colocalized GFP and YFP reduced. At the same time, the uptake rate of a protein injected later progressively and significantly decreased. Subcellular localization of endocytic receptors, megalin and cubilin, in renal PT cells after intravenous YFP introduction were revealed by immunofluorescent microscopy. Colocalization of internalized YFP with megalin or cubilin in the endocytic vesicles was demonstrated. The data suggest the possibility of protein uptake by receptor-mediated endocytosis and the existence of a mechanism limiting the protein absorption rate in wintering frogs.Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology 05/2013; 166(1). DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2013.05.022 · 2.37 Impact Factor