Young suicide attempters: a comparison between a clinical and an epidemiological sample.
ABSTRACT To compare risk factors for self-harm in 2 groups: hospitalized adolescents who had attempted suicide and adolescents reporting suicide attempts in a community survey.
All suicide attempters aged 13 to 19 years admitted to medical wards (n = 91) in a region of Norway were assessed and interviewed. Risk factors were identified by comparisons with a general population sample participating in a questionnaire study in the same community (n = 1,736). In this population sample, a separate analysis of risk factors for reporting deliberate self-harm (n = 141) was performed, applying bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models.
Adjusted risk factors for suicide attempts in hospitalized adolescents were depression (odds ratio [OR] = 4.7), disruptive disorders (OR = 9.4), low self-worth (OR = 1.3), infrequent support from parents (OR = 3.3) or peers (OR = 3.3), parents' excessive drinking (OR = 4.3), and low socioeconomic status (OR = 2.4). For adolescents who self-reported self-harm, depression (OR = 3.1) and loneliness (OR = 1.13) were significant adjusted risk factors (p < .001). Low self-worth, low socioeconomic status, and little support from parents or peers characterized hospitalized suicidal adolescents compared with those who were not hospitalized.
The risk factors were more powerful for hospitalized than for nonhospitalized adolescents. Prevention efforts should target the same factors for both groups, at a population level for nonhospitalized adolescents and at an individual level for hospitalized adolescents, with a focus on depression, low self-esteem, and family communication.
- Journal of LGBT Youth 04/2014; 11(2):125-149.
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ABSTRACT: Self-mutilation is defined as the deliberate harming or alteration of one's body tissue without consciously intending tocommit suicide.Numerous psychological mechanisms contribute to the etiology and persistence of self-mutilation . In this paper a case of very unusual self mutilating behavior "nail extraction"with depression is reported and a short overview of self mutilation is made. (Anatol J Clin Investig 2009:3(1):94-96). Özet Self mutilasyon kişinin beden bütünlüğüne bilinçli özkıyım niyeti olmaksızın verdiği zarar olarak tanımlanır. Self mutilasyonun etyolojisine ve devam etmesine birçok psikolojik mekanizma katkıda bulunmaktadır. Bu yazıda oldukça nadir görülebilecek "tırnak çekme"şeklinde kendine zarar verme davranışı ile giden depresyon vakası bildirilmekte ve self mutilasyon kısaca gözden geçirilmektedir. (Anatol J Clin Investig 2009:3(1):94-96). Introduction Pathological self mutilation is direct and socially unacceptable, even within general social subcultures; it is differentiated from direct self-harm such as drinking and driving, and from more socially acceptable bodily harm such as ear piercing and tattooing.
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ABSTRACT: Received signal strength based fingerprinting approaches have been widely exploited for localization. The received signal strength (RSS) plays a very crucial role in determining the nature and characteristics of location fingerprints stored in a radio-map. The received signal strength is a function of distance between the transmitter and receiving device, which varies due to various in-path interferences. A detailed analysis of factors affecting the received signal for indoor localization is presented in this paper. The paper discusses the effect of factors such as spatial, temporal, environmental, hardware and human presence on the received signal strength through extensive measurements in a typical IEEE 802.11b/g/n network. It also presents the statistical analysis of the measured data that defines the reliability of RSS-based location fingerprints for indoor localization.2013 IEEE 38th Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN 2013); 10/2013