Composition and some biological activities of the essential oil of Callicarpa americana (L.).

Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Box 8048, Oxford, Mississippi 38677, USA.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.11). 08/2000; 48(7):3008-12. DOI: 10.1021/jf991026g
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The essential oil profile of Callicarpa americana was examined. Samples were collected from Lafayette county in north central Mississippi, and GC-MS data and retention indices were used to identify 67 oil components. Humulene epoxide II (13.9%), alpha-humulene (10.0%), 7-epi-alpha-eudesmol (9.4%), beta-pinene (8.8%), and 1-octen-3-ol (8.5%) were the major components of the steam-distilled oil. The oil was selectively toxic toward the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria perornata compared to Oscillatoria agardhii and the green alga Selenastrum capricornutum, with complete growth inhibition at 28.5 microgram/mL. The oil was only mildly phytotoxic and antifungal.