Composition and some biological activities of the essential oil of Callicarpa americana (L.).
ABSTRACT The essential oil profile of Callicarpa americana was examined. Samples were collected from Lafayette county in north central Mississippi, and GC-MS data and retention indices were used to identify 67 oil components. Humulene epoxide II (13.9%), alpha-humulene (10.0%), 7-epi-alpha-eudesmol (9.4%), beta-pinene (8.8%), and 1-octen-3-ol (8.5%) were the major components of the steam-distilled oil. The oil was selectively toxic toward the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria perornata compared to Oscillatoria agardhii and the green alga Selenastrum capricornutum, with complete growth inhibition at 28.5 microgram/mL. The oil was only mildly phytotoxic and antifungal.
- SourceAvailable from: Victor GalhanoBritish Biotechnology Journal. 09/2014; 4(10):1077-1087.
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Aims: Evaluate the in vitro effects of essential oils and water extracts of Laurus nobilis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Mentha suaveolens and Fraxinus angustifolia on the growth of Anabaena cylindrica and Chlorella vulgaris. 1078 Study Design: Experimental research. Place and Duration of Study: The cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica and the green alga Chlorella vulgaris were used as test strains to evaluate the effects of plant extracts on algal growth. All experiments were undertaken in the Agricultural School of Bragança -Polytechnic Institute, from September 2010 to July 2011. Methodology: Essential oils were obtained by means of hydrodistillation of the plants. The oils and the water that remained, after the hydrodistillation, were further used for the growth screening of Anabaena cylindrica and Chlorella vulgaris under axenic cultures. Both types of extracts were tested at different concentrations. The essential oil effects were evaluated by disc diffusion method and water extracts effects were evaluated in batch cultures. Results: Essential oils had an algaecide effect in all tested concentrations (1:1; 1:3; 1:4 and 1:10) for both algal strains. Contrarily, none of the water extracts evidenced a complete algaecide effect. Nevertheless, promising results were obtained with rosemary water extract since the highest concentrations (1:4) had an algaestatic effect on C. vulgaris. Conversely, the observed effects on A. cylindrica varied from cellular density decrease to an algaestatic effect. Therefore, the tested algal strains presented distinct responses to both extract types and concentrations. Conclusions: Comparing the different extracts' activity, it can be concluded that essential oils mostly influenced algal growth.British Biotechnology Journal. 09/2014; 4(10):1077-1087.