Article

[Choice of ear drops in chronic otorrhea].

Afd. Keel-, Neus- en Oorheelkunde, Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud, HB Nijmegen.
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde 07/2000; 144(26):1261-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In chronic otitis, the use of ear drops has certain advantages over the use of systemic antibiotics. The choice of ear drop depends on the condition of the eardrum, microbial pathogens present and the efficacy of the components of the ear drop. Ototoxicity, contact allergy and the development of bacterial resistance have to be taken into account. Ototoxicity is a rare complication of the application of ear drops, most often described when aminoglycosides were applied. Contact allergy is also most often seen in aminoglycoside-containing eardrops. Evaluation of ear swabs demonstrated a 5% resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to ciprofloxacin. The appearance of resistant strains may impede systemic use of fluoroquinolones. Therefore, this class of antibiotics should be considered as reserve medication only. The first choice in local application of antiseptics in case of an open eardrum is aluminium acetotartrate 1.2% and, of a combination preparation, bacitracin-colistin-hydrocortisone. In case of a closed eardrum (external otitis) aluminium acetotartrate 12%--combination preparations with corticosteroids are advised against in these cases.

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    ABSTRACT: Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of topical ciprofloxacin and prednisolone-containing ear drops for chronic suppurative otitis media on hearing threshold, cochlear reserve and cochlea morphology in healthy subjects and to determine the proper drug dose. Sixty-eight guinea pigs, all of which had healthy hearing, were used for the study. The first group (n = 30) was administered ciprofloxacin three times a day, the second group (n = 30) was administered prednisolone three times a day and the third group (n = 8) was administered sterile distilled water three times a day. The therapies lasted for 7 days and were administered intratympanically. The first group and second group were divided into three sub-groups of ten subjects. The first sub-group (n = 10) was administered an equivalent dose per kilogram as in humans, the second sub-group (n = 10) was administered one-third of the human-equivalent dose and the third sub-group (n = 10) was administered tenfold the human-equivalent dose. All subjects underwent brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) testing on the seventh and twenty-first days following the therapy. Following the tests, two subjects from each group were decapitated and examined under electron microscope. BERA and DPOAE testing results of the sub-group (n = 10) which was administered tenfold the human-equivalent dose were significantly different from the control group and other groups (P < 0.05). According to electron microscopic examination of the cochlea, the group which was administered a tenfold human-equivalent dose of intratympanic ciprofloxacin and prednisolone showed atrophy in cells and degenerations in cilia. This case was statistically significant when compared with the control group and other groups (P < 0.05). Ciprofloxacin and prednisolone applied at a human-equivalent dose per kilogram did not affect the hearing and cochlear histology of subjects.
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