The nature, extent, and consequences of Hispanic elder abuse are described infrequently and often underconsidered. We reviewed information of 16,677 Hispanic elders living in the community who were abused between 1991 and 1995; these were based on valid cases reported to the Adult Protective Services (APS) office in Texas. Data did not include nursing home victims. Hispanic elders accounted for 20.6% of all elderly cases reported to APS. A 10% to 20% annual increase was seen over each of the past 5 years. Self-neglect was the most commonly identified form of abuse (63.2%). Cases with more than 1 allegation were common. The most common perpetrators (excluding self) were adult children (44.6%). Women were twice as likely as men to suffer abuse of any kind. Reluctance of victims to become involved in services to ameliorate their situations is a major barrier to effective intervention. Strategies to prevent abuse of Hispanic elders are needed and should focus on known characteristics of the abused and abusers.
"Hispanic elders and those from other racial/ethnic groups were under-represented among victims in all types of maltreatment. In Texas, Hispanic elders accounted for 20.6% of cases reported to Adult Protective Services (APS) between 1991 and 1995 (Otiniano, 1999). In Connecticut, non-white elderly were twice as likely to be reported to APS (Lachs, 1996). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elder abuse and mistreatment is a growing national concern. While victims and perpetrators are both men and women, much of the focus has been on women. Reports of the gender distribution of elder mistreatment conflict with some studies citing a greater prevalence in males and others showing a female predominance. The article summarizes the research on elder mistreatment, emphasizing the gender distribution. Older men are more likely to be victims of neglect, particularly abandonment. We use case vignettes to illustrate these major research findings. We also present data from a series of focus group interviews that included older men. The comments of the men about elder mistreatment were analyzed and are presented in this article. Through these findings we show that more research is needed to understand the similarities and differences between male and female victims of elder abuse and mistreatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We conducted this study to understand the interpretations of elder mistreatment (EM) in multiethnic older adults.
Focus group sessions were held with three ethnically homogenous groups (n = 18) and a group of elder care professionals (n = 6) eliciting responses to vignettes depicting various types of elder mistreatment. Qualitative analysis of focus group transcripts was performed to define EM occurrence, its severity, and to identify the perpetrator and victim.
Four main categories emerged: social expectations, caregiver expectations, victim characteristics, and characteristics of the interaction. Themes included issues of gender roles, filial obligations, martial commitments, and ageism as features of the vignette discussions. Professional and lay caregiver issues were features of the caregiver expectations. Mental capacity, physical dependency, physical attributes, and complicity were the victim characteristics discussed. The characteristics of the interaction that were identified included resistance to care, retaliation, habitual occurrence, and perpetrator intent.
Older adults identify multiple factors influencing the interpretation of elder mistreatment. These factors may determine strategies for future EM intervention.
Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect 02/2005; 17(2):21-44. DOI:10.1300/J084v17n02_02
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