Attenuation of 8-OH-DPAT-induced decreases in 5-Ht synthesis in brain regions of rats adapted to a repeated stress schedule.
ABSTRACT Previously it has been shown that single episode of 2 h restraint produced behavioral deficits in rats which were not observed following daily restraint period of 2h/day for 5 days. It was suggested that adaptation to a stress schedule develops when the similar stress is administered repeatedly. In view of a role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in adaptation to stress the present study concerns effects of a 5-HT-1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) on the synthesis of 5-HT in brain regions of rats adapted to a repeated restraint stress schedule of 2h/day for 5 days. The drug injected systemically at a dose of 1 mg/kg decreased 5-HT synthesis in the hypothalamus, cortex, hippocampus, striatum and raphe regions of previously unrestrained rats. These decreases were either smaller (raphe) or not observed (hypothalamus, cortex and hippocampus) in most brain regions of rats adapted to the repeated restraint stress schedule of 2h/day for 5 days. These results suggest that a subsensitive negative feedback effect on the synthesis of 5-HT leading to an increase in synaptic 5-HT concentration might help coping with stress demand to produce adaptation to stress.
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ABSTRACT: Lithium has been suggested for mood disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Its ability to increase the gray matter and provision of protection against neuronal death makes it tempting to be marketed as brain food. Moreover it also ameliorates the effects of stress on brain dendrites; however lithium has a narrow therapeutic range. Brain serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission may mediate the actions of lithium. Preclinical studies have shown that single restraint stress produces behavioral and neurochemical deficits. The present study was designed to investigate a potential role of Lithium in attenuation of stress induced behavioral and neurochemical deficits in rats. Moreover the study also monitored the responsiveness of pre and post synaptic serotonin 1A receptor following restraint and administration of lithium carbonate. Pre stress behavioral activities were monitored after 15 and 30 days of consumption of 0.1% lithium carbonate in drinking water while post stress were monitored on day 31. Pre and post synaptic 5-HT-1A responsiveness was monitored by injecting 0.25mg/ml/kg of 8-OH-DPAT. Although lithium produced hypo activity but attenuated stress induced behavioral deficits. Whole brain neurochemical analysis revealed that its administration increased tryptophan, 5-HT an d 5-Hydroindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA). 8-OH-DPAT elicited hyperactivity and fore paw treading were enhanced in lithium treated rats. Lithium induced pre synaptic changes together with the super sensitivity of post synaptic receptors may be able to produce antidepressant effect.
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ABSTRACT: Stress produces behavioral and neurochemical deficits. To study the relationship between adaptation to stress and macronutrient intake, the present study was designed to monitor the effects of different diets on feed intake, growth rate and serotonin (5-Hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) metabolism following exposure to restraint stress in rats. Rats were divided into four groups (n=12) as control, sugar, protein and fat rich diet fed rats. After 5 weeks of treatment animals of each group were divided into unrestrained and restrained animals (n=6). Rats of restrained group were given immobilization stress for 2 hours/day for 5 days. Food intake and growth rates of unrestrained and restrained rats were monitored daily. Rats were decapitated on 6 th day to collect brain samples for neurochemical estimation. Results show that sugar diet fed rats produced adaptation to stress early as compared to normal diet fed rats. Food intake and growth rates of unrestrained and restrained rats were comparable on 3 rd day in sugar diet fed rats and on 4 th day in normal diet fed rats. Stress decreased food intake and growth rates of protein and fat treated rats. Repeated stress did not alter brain 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels of normal diet fed rats and sugar diet fed rats. Protein diet fed restrained rats showed elevated brain 5-HT levels. Fat diet fed restrained rats significantly decreased brain TRP and 5-HIAA levels. Finding suggested that carbohydrate diet might protect against stressful conditions. Study also showed that nutritional status could alter different behaviors in response to a stressful environment. ©2011 PVJ. All rights reserved To Cite This Article: Moin S, S Haider, S Khaliq, S Tabassum and DJ Haleem, 2012. Behavioral and neurochemical studies in stressed and unstressed rats fed on protein, carbohydrate and fat rich diet. Pak Vet J, xx(x): xxx.
Dataset: paper 2008