Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, USA.
Psychiatric Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 2.13). 10/2000; 23(3):519-33.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Childhood OCD is a chronic and commonly disabling disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 2% to 3%. Traditionally OCD was a neglected diagnosis, but renewed research interest over the past decade has led to significant advances in the understanding of the disorder in young people. OCD is relatively consistent across the age span in terms of prevalence, phenomenology, etiology, and response to treatment. Comorbidity, especially depression and other anxiety disorders, is common in children with OCD and may exert a negative influence on treatment response and long-term outcome. Nevertheless, CBT and SSRI therapy have been shown to be effective and well-tolerated therapies for children with OCD.

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relative efficacy of (1) individual cognitive-behavioral family-based therapy (CBFT); (2) group CBFT; and (3) a waitlist control group in the treatment of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study, conducted at a university clinic in Brisbane, Australia, involved 77 children and adolescents with OCD who were randomized to individual CBFT, group CBFT, or a 4- to 6-week waitlist control condition. Children were assessed before and after treatment and at 3 months and 6 months following the completion of treatment using diagnostic interviews, symptom severity interviews, and self-report measures. Parental distress, family functioning, sibling distress, and levels of accommodation to OCD demands were also assessed. Active treatment involved a manualized 14-week cognitive-behavioral protocol, with parental and sibling components. By an evaluable patient analysis, statistically and clinically significant pretreatment-to-posttreatment change occurred in OCD diagnostic status and severity across both individual and group CBFT, with no significant differences in improvement ratings between these conditions. There were no significant changes across measures for the waitlist condition. Treatment gains were maintained up to 6 months of follow-up. Contrary to previous findings and expectations, group CBFT is as effective in reducing OCD symptoms for children and adolescents as individual treatment. Findings support the efficacy and durability of CBFT in treating childhood OCD.
    Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 02/2004; 43(1):46-62. DOI:10.1097/00004583-200401000-00014 · 6.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thema der vorliegenden Arbeit war die Erfassung und Beschreibung der psychiatrischen Komorbidität bei Kindern und Jugendlichen mit einer Zwangsstörung. An vier deutschen Universitätskliniken für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie wurden konsekutiv 55 Kinder und Jugendliche mit juveniler Zwangsstörung im Hinblick auf Art und Ausprägung ihrer Zwangssymptomatik sowie hinsichtlich komorbid vorliegender psychiatrischer Störungen mit standardisierten Instrumenten untersucht. Die beschriebene Patientenstichprobe zeigte bezüglich klinischer und epidemiologischer Merkmale große Übereinstimmung mit den bisher epirisch gewonnenen Daten. Es konnte gezeigt werden, dass bei Kindern un Jugendlichen mit Zwangsstörung von einer hohen Zahl komorbider psychischer Störungen auszugehen ist, wobei Angststörungen, affektive Störungen und expansive Störungen (Hyperkinetisches Syndrom, Störung des Sozialverhaltens)am häufigsten zu diagnostizieren waren, gefolgt von Essstörungen und Tics. Die genaue Erhebung des Verteilungsmusters der komorbiden Störungen ist nicht nur von therapeutischer Relevanz, sondern kann auch einen Beitrag leisten, Untergruppen der juvenilen Zwangsstörung zu identifizieren und möglicherweise Rückschlüsse auf die Entstehung der Erkrankung zu ziehen. To analyze the kind and frequency of psychiatric comorbidity in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) 55 boys and girls were investigated with standardized instruments at four German university departments of child and adolescent psychiatry. Compared with the epidemiological and clinical features of peadiatric patients of former clinical studies our sample seemed representative. As a result psychiatric comorbidity was very common in both children and adolescents especially with anxiety-disorders, affective disorders and expansive behaviour disorders. Eating disorders and Tics also were found as comorbid conditions of juvenile OCD. The knowledge of these comorbid disorders is not only essential for the treatment it may also help to define subgroups of patients and thus to find out more of the origin and history of the illness.
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