Magnetic resonance imaging based volume estimation of ovarian tumours: use of a segmentation and 3D reformation software.
ABSTRACT The application of a new segmentation software, Anatomatic in the evaluation of volumetric measurements of ovarian tumours and the new Medimag three-dimensional (3D) software in the evaluation of 3D image representation of ovarian tumours with 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is described. Our goal was to compare MRI based volumetry with operative findings at laparotomy for six consecutive patients with suspected ovarian tumours. Volumetric analysis and three dimensional image reconstructions of the tumours were obtained. At laparotomy, the tumour sizes were measured in situ, and the volumes were calculated. Using Anatomatic, reproducible tumour volumes were achieved with ease and within a reasonably fast time in patients with ovarian tumours without ascites. Medimag helped achieve realistic 3D representations of the tumours. For the four solitary tumours segmentation based volumetry and laparotomy findings agreed in three cases. In one patient with an oval shaped tumour, the segmented volume was double as compared to that estimated at laparotomy. Of the two patients with multiple tumours, both patients had significant ascites, and volumetry misinterpreted the fluid as tumour cyst fluid and markedly overestimated the tumour size. In conclusion, the MRI based segmentation volumetry and 3D image reconstructions are rapid, and reproducible methods of measuring ovarian tumours in patients without significant ascites.
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ABSTRACT: Additional tools to analyze follicle development would be highly advantageous because current methods require sacrifice of animals at specific times and time-consuming sectioning of tissues for histologic analysis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide a less involved, faster and more cost-effective method to analyze follicles in whole ovaries. Fixed ovaries were collected at different stages of the estrus cycle and after stimulation with gonadotrophins (24 and 48 h post pregnant mares serum (PMSG), and 10 and 24 h post human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG)) with or without administration of the contrast agent gadodiamide. The MR images were generated using a vertical-bore, 11.7 Tesla MR system. Analysis of the MR images revealed large antral follicles in fixed ovaries with the oocyte and cumulus mass identifiable within preovulatory follicles. The use of gadodiamide had no impact on the quality of MR images obtained. The fixed ovaries were paraffin embedded, sectioned, and hematoxylin stained. Follicles were counted using the MR images and the histology sections. Preovulatory follicle numbers determined using MR images were comparable to those using histology; however counts of smaller follicles were inconsistent. MRI of gonadotrophin-stimulated ovaries in situ did not reveal discernable ovarian structures. Therefore, MRI is a useful tool for studying whole fixed ovaries leaving the ovary intact for additional analyses or for selection of samples based on morphology. The MRI is also useful for identifying preovulatory follicles, although analysis of smaller follicles is not possible, and thus the potential exists for cyst analysis in mouse models of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).Theriogenology 08/2012; 78(6):1190-8. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In order to keep subscribers up-to-date with the latest developments in their field, John Wiley & Sons are providing a current awareness service in each issue of the journal. The bibliography contains newly published material in the field of NMR in biomedicine. Each bibliography is divided into 9 sections: 1 Books, Reviews ' Symposia; 2 General; 3 Technology; 4 Brain and Nerves; 5 Neuropathology; 6 Cancer; 7 Cardiac, Vascular and Respiratory Systems; 8 Liver, Kidney and Other Organs; 9 Muscle and Orthopaedic. Within each section, articles are listed in alphabetical order with respect to author. If, in the preceding period, no publications are located relevant to any one of these headings, that section will be omitted.NMR in Biomedicine 02/2001; 14(1):48-53. · 3.45 Impact Factor