Comparison of psychological aspects and patient satisfaction following breast conserving surgery, simple mastectomy and breast reconstruction
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess and compare the psychological outcome and satisfaction of patients whom underwent wide local excision, mastectomy alone and mastectomy with breast reconstruction. A total of 577 patients had different types of operations for primary breast cancer (254 (44%) had wide local excision, 202 (35%) had simple mastectomy and 121 (21%) had breast reconstruction). Psychosocial morbidity and satisfaction were studied retrospectively using self-evaluation questionnaires. The three different surgical groups were cross-matched into four different age group. Significant statistical differences existed between the three procedures regarding satisfaction and psychosocial morbidity (anxiety, depression, body image, sexuality and self-esteem) in favour of wide local excision followed by breast reconstruction. Greatest morbidity was seen in the mastectomy group. Patient satisfaction of cosmetic outcome and psychosocial aspects was greater with wide local excision than with breast reconstruction or mastectomy. However, since wide local excision is indicated in only a group of patients, breast reconstruction should be an option available to patients requiring mastectomy.
SourceAvailable from: Seema Khan[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background:One of the primary benefits of breast conserving therapy (BCT) is the potential ability to preserve the aesthetic appearance of the breast. However, current literature and clinical experience suggest that the aesthetic benefits of BCT may not be equally shared among ethnic groups. This is a pilot study that uses novel techniques to evaluate the cosmetic outcomes of African American and white women following BCT.Methods:A total of 21 participants (10 African American and 11 white) completed the study. Cosmetic outcomes following BCT were evaluated by a multidisciplinary team using both quantitative and qualitative measures, including 3-dimensional photographic analysis and a pilot questionnaire. Preliminary measures were taken to evaluate the validity of the questionnaire.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in objective measures of breast symmetry between African American patients and white patients (P > 0.05 in all cases). However, all raters reported the African American patients to have worse breast symmetry and appearance when compared with white patients. Interrater reliability was found to be fair with regard to the nipple complex questions [intraclass correlation (ICC), 0.56], good with regard to the breast mound questions (ICC, 0.66), and poor with regard to the scar appearance questions (ICC = 0.32).Conclusions:Although generalizing the results of this study is limited by the small sample size, it seems that there is a difference in the perception of cosmetic outcomes between white and African American patients. The novel techniques of cosmetic evaluation used in this study show promise toward identifying variables that can affect cosmetic outcome following BCT.01/2014; 2(1):e94. DOI:10.1097/GOX.0000000000000013
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ABSTRACT: Since complications of postmastectomy breast reconstruction may reduce patient satisfaction, we investigated complications of reconstruction with tissue expanders (TEs), particularly surgical site infections requiring TE/permanent implant (PI) removal. A retrospective review was performed of 234 primary breast cancer patients undergoing 239 postmastectomy breast reconstructions with TEs/PIs from 1997 to 2009. Clinicopathological findings and postoperative complications, particularly infections, were analyzed. Data were analyzed by the Chi-square test and a multivariate logistic regression model. TE infection risk factors considered for model inclusion were excisional biopsy, (neo) adjuvant chemotherapy, lymph node resection, body mass index (BMI), simultaneous bilateral reconstructions, and seroma aspiration. Removal of TEs/PIs was observed in 15.5 % (37/239) of reconstructions, and 18/37 underwent re-reconstructions. Of the 19/37 reconstructions that were not achieved completely, the most frequent reason was TE infection (11 reconstructions). The completion rate was 92 % (220/239 reconstructions) and it was significantly higher in reconstructions without TE infection than with infection (96 vs. 54 %, p < 0.0001). Patients with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) and seroma aspiration were more likely to develop TE infections (p = 0.0019, p < 0.001, respectively). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, seroma aspiration was a significant independent risk factor for TE infection (odds ratio 28.75, 95 % confidence interval 5.71-40.03, p < 0.0001). To improve completion rates of breast reconstruction, prevention of TE infection plays a key role. We should reduce unnecessary seroma aspirations and delay elevation/exercise of the ipsilateral arm.Breast Cancer 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12282-014-0577-4 · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Breast reconstruction often requires multiple surgeries, which demands additional expense and time and is often contrary to the patient's expectation. The aim of this study was to review the number of operations that were needed for completion of breast reconstruction and to determine patient and clinical factors that influenced this number. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 254 cases of breast reconstructions (in 185 patients) that were performed between February 2005 and August 2009. We investigated the numbers of operations that were performed for individual case of breast reconstruction and analyzed the influence of variable factors. The purpose of the additional operations was also analyzed. The mean number of operations per breast was 2.37 (range, 1-9). The mean number of operations for mound creation was 2.24. Factors associated with an increased number of operation were use of an implant, contralateral symmetrization, complications, and nipple reconstruction. Considering the reconstruction method, either the use of a primary implant or the use of free abdominal tissue transfer demonstrated fewer surgeries than the use of an expander implant, and the number of operations using free transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous or deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps was less than the number of operations using pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps. These data will aid in planning breast reconstruction surgery and will enable patients to be more informed regarding the likelihood of multiple surgeries.10/2014; 2(10):e242. DOI:10.1097/GOX.0000000000000111