An analysis of the lamellar structure of sea urchin egg cortical granules using X-ray scattering.

Centre for Extracellular Matrix Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.58). 11/2000; 482(3):242-6. DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(00)02068-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cortical granules (CGs) are secretory vesicles associated with egg and oocyte plasma membranes that undergo exocytosis at fertilisation. In the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, the internal organisation of these CGs exhibits a lamellar-type morphology. The different lamellar layers correspond to proteoglycans, structural proteins and enzymes required for fertilisation envelope assembly and modification of the post-fertilisation egg surface. We have studied the lamellar structure of CGs using X-ray scattering and reveal the contrast density variation of the lamellae in the native state. The structure of functionally competent CGs in situ differs significantly from that determined by electron microscopic studies. We observed a strong periodicity of the lamellar structure of 280 A as opposed to the 590 A repeat observed previously. Fusion of the CGs produced a loss of the lamellar repeat and the development of a broad peak corresponding to a 20 A periodicity that may be indicative of the molecular packing in the resulting hydrated gel structure.

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    ABSTRACT: Cortical granules are secretory vesicles in oocytes that develop from the Golgi complex. In the freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium nipponense, mitochondria participates in the formation of cortical granules. We investigated the structural changes of mitochondria and the distribution cortical granules in different stages of oocyte development. Transmission electron microscopy provided evidence for the involvement of mitochondria and a particular spiral lamellar organization and an electron-lucent area in internal cortical granules. The ooplasm provided material for the cortical granules in early oocyte development. We demonstrated that mitochondria play a role in coalescence and maturation of cortical granules in this species. Additionally, a concept of cortical granules regarded as a functional integration is put forward. The genesis of shrimp cortical granules exhibited a particular pathway of maturation. The outer shape and inner organization considering different taxa suggested general as well as specific features of the development of cortical granules.
    Micron 08/2009; 41(1):59-64. · 1.88 Impact Factor

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