The influence of preemptive spinal anesthesia on postoperative pain.
ABSTRACT To examine the influence of spinal anesthesia on postoperative pain and postoperative opioid requirements.
Prospective randomized study.
Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel-a government hospital.
30 ASA physical status I and II unpremedicated women undergoing elective total abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated into two groups of 15 patients each using a sealed envelope technique. Patients in Group 1 were given a subarachnoid injection of 12 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine and after 10 minutes general anesthesia was induced. Patients in Group 2 received only general anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam and maintained with oxygen, N2O, isoflurane, and pancuronium. No opioids were given intraoperatively. Postoperatively patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine was initiated in both groups (1 mg x mL(-1), bolus dose 1 mg, lockout interval 10 minutes, and background infusion 1 mg x mL(-1)) at patient first request for analgesic. Pain was assessed over 24 hours by cumulative morphine dose and visual analog score (VAS). Postoperative PCA morphine consumption at 2, 6, and 24 hours following patient first request for analgesic for Groups 1 and 2 were: 3.1 +/- 1 mg versus 7.2 +/- 3 mg (p = 0.04), 13.4 +/- 2 mg versus 17.2 +/- 4 mg (p = 0.03) and 35.9 +/- 8 mg versus 47.7 +/- 8 mg in Group 2 (p = 0.04). VAS scores at 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively were not significantly different between the two groups.
Preoperative neural blockade may reduce postoperative analgesic requirements.
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ABSTRACT: Surgery for hip fractures can be done under general or neuraxial anesthesia. This study aimed to compare these two methods concerning their postoperative complications, duration of operation, hospitalization and the mortality rate within a period of one month after surgery. 400 patients aged more than 30 years old and scheduled for elective operative fixation of fractured hip, randomly enrolled in two equal groups of general (GA) and neuraxial (NA) anesthesia. Hemoglobin level was measured before and 6 hours, 2, 3 and 5 days after the surgery. The intra and postoperative blood loss, duration of surgery, the severity of pain at the time of discharge from recovery and at the 2(nd), 3(rd) and 5(th) postoperative days were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 12.0 by Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and t tests. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Both groups were similar regarding age, weight, and gender ratio. There was no significant difference in baseline hemoglobin, duration of surgery, length of hospitalization before surgery and the type of surgery. The mean of intraoperative blood loss and visual analogue score (VAS) in recovery and at the 3(rd) postoperative day, and also the length of hospitalization after surgery were significantly less in neuraxial anesthesia group. Both groups showed a significant decrease in hemoglobin values on the 2(nd) and 3(rd) postoperative days comparing to the baseline (p < 0.001). The morbidity and mortality rates of patients undergoing hip surgery were similar in both methods of anesthesia, but postoperative pain, blood loss, and duration of hospitalization were more in patients undergoing general anesthesia.Journal of research in medical sciences 03/2011; 16(3):323-30. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare propofol plus spinal anesthesia during spontaneous ventilation using the Laryngeal Mask Airway and propofol plus fentanyl anesthesia during mechanical ventilation with an endotracheal tube on quality of recovery after anesthesia. Prospective, randomized study. Hirosaki National Hospital. 150 patients (aged > 70 years) undergoing total knee arthroplasty. Patients were divided randomly into two groups, to receive spontaneous ventilation with a Laryngeal Mask Airway during propofol-spinal anesthesia, or to receive propofol-fentanyl anesthesia with mechanical ventilation via endotracheal tube. Quality of anesthesia recovery such as nausea, vomiting, headache, pain throat, hoarse voice, back pain, dizziness, feeling comfortable, dreaming, recovery times in recovery of anesthesia, recovery times, postoperative pain, confusion, was assessed. The frequency of postoperative pain throat, hoarse voice, and nausea was significantly lower in the propofol-spinal anesthesia group than the propofol-fentanyl anesthesia group. The time to extubation, emergence, response to commands, and orientation were significantly faster (p < 0.001) in the propofol-spinal anesthesia group than the propofol-fentanyl anesthesia group. The frequency of postoperative confusion occurring in the propofol-spinal anesthesia group during the first 24 hours was significantly lower than that of the propofol-fentanyl anesthesia group (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Propofol-spinal anesthesia provided better and faster recovery than did propofol-fentanyl anesthesia for elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 09/2004; 16(6):405-10. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Controversy exists regarding the need for nerve stimulation when performing an ultrasound (US)-guided peripheral nerve block. We tested the hypothesis that the quality of a femoral nerve block (FNB) performed with US is equivalent to an FNB performed with US and nerve stimulation. One hundred seven patients undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty were randomized to receive either a US-guided FNB (group US) or a US-guided FNB with nerve stimulation (group USNS). Thirty milliliters of bupivacaine 0.5% was injected in both groups. At 10, 20, 30, and 40 mins after block placement, blinded motor and sensory examinations were conducted. Secondary outcomes included time to perform the block, the number of needle redirections, and 24-hrs intravenously administered morphine equivalent consumption. There were no significant differences in the proportion of patients with either a partial or complete block. At 40 mins, 95.7% of the USNS subjects had a partial or complete sensory block of the femoral nerve (complete in 71.7% and partial in 24%) compared with 88.1% of US subjects (complete in 69% and partial in 19.1%; odds ratio, 2.97; P = 0.19). There were more needle redirections in group USNS (4.1 vs 1.1, P < 0.001), with a higher percentage of patients requiring 2 or more needle attempts (44.2% vs 18.9%, P < 0.01). The time to perform the block in group USNS was longer (188 vs 148 secs, P = 0.01). The addition of nerve stimulation to a US-guided FNB did not change preoperative block efficacy.Regional anesthesia and pain medicine 01/2009; 34(5):508-13. · 4.16 Impact Factor