Evaluation of some Moroccan medicinal plant extracts for larvicidal activity

Laboratory of Medicinal Plants and Phytochemistry, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences - Semlalia, P.O. Box 2390 40000, Marrakech, Morocco.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.94). 12/2000; 73(1-2):293-7. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00257-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The larvicidal properties of 16 extracts of four Moroccan medicinal plants: Calotropis procera (Wild.), Cotula cinerea (L.), Solanum sodomaeum (L.) and Solanum elaeagnifolium (CAV.) were tested against Anopheles labranchiae mosquito larvae. Among the extracts tested, nine exhibited high larvicidal activity with LC(50) (24 h) ranging from 28 to 325 ppm.

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    ABSTRACT: Mosquitoes are the crucial vectors for a number of mosquito-borne infectious diseases i.e. dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya, malaria, Rift Valley fever, elephantiasis, Japanese Encephalitis, and Murray Valley encephalitis etc. Besides, they also transmit numerous arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses) for example West Nile virus, Saint Louis encephalitis virus, Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus, Everglades virus, Highlands J virus, and La Crosse Encephalitis virus. The emergence of widespread insecticide resistance and the potential environmental issues associated with some synthetic insecticides (such as DDT) has indicated that additional approaches to control the proliferation of mosquito population would be an urgent priority research. The present review highlights some natural product mosquitocides that are target-specific, biodegradable, environmentally safe, and botanicals in origin.
    Phytochemistry Reviews 09/2013; 13(3):587-627. DOI:10.1007/s11101-013-9316-2 · 2.89 Impact Factor