Overexpression of Truncated I B Induces TNF- -Dependent Apoptosis in Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (Impact Factor: 6). 11/2000; 20(10):2198-204. DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.20.10.2198
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dysregulation of apoptosis is one of the likely underlying mechanisms of neointimal thickening, a disorder in which proinflammatory cytokines may influence the function of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and contribute to atherogenesis. One of these cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), induces 2 possibly conflicting pathways, 1 leading to the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and the other leading to caspase-mediated apoptosis. We investigated whether specific inhibition of NF-kappaB affects TNF-alpha-dependent apoptosis in human VSMCs. To inhibit NF-kappaB activation specifically, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing a truncated form of the inhibitor protein IkappaBalpha (AdexIkappaBDeltaN) that lacks the phosphorylation sites essential for activation of NF-kappaB. The IkappaBDeltaN was overexpressed by adenoviral infection and was resistant to stimulus-dependent degradation. Electromobility gel shift and luciferase assays demonstrated that overexpression of IkappaBDeltaN inhibited NF-kappaB activation induced by TNF-alpha or interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). In cells overexpressing IkappaBDeltaN, TNF-alpha dramatically induced apoptosis, whereas IL-1beta had no effect. The induction was suppressed by treatment with a selective inhibitor of the caspase-3 family, Z-DEVD-fmk, and the overexpression of IkappaBDeltaN induced TNF-alpha-mediated caspase-3 and caspase-2 activity. These results indicate that overexpression of IkappaBDeltaN induces TNF-alpha-dependent apoptosis by efficient and specific suppression of NF-kappaB and upregulation of caspase-3 and caspase-2 activity in human VSMCs. Our findings suggest that adenovirus-mediated IkappaBDeltaN gene transfer may be useful in the treatment of disorders associated with inflammatory conditions, such as the response to vascular injury and atherosclerosis.

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Available from: Go Wakabayashi, Sep 29, 2015
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    • "), viral and bacterial products (Haendeler et al. 1996), and inflammatory cytokines (Henderson et al. 1999; Obara et al. 2000). VSMCs found in atherosclerotic plaques have been found to be more susceptible to apoptosis than VSMCs isolated from normal vessels (Bennett et al. 1995). "
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    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis and its sequelae are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, especially in the developed nations. Over the years, treatment protocols have changed with the changing understanding of the disease process. Inflammatory mechanisms have emerged as key players in the formation of the atherosclerotic plaque. For the majority of its life span, the plaque develops silently and only some exhibit overt clinical manifestations. The purpose of this review is to examine the inherent properties of some of these "vulnerable" or symptomatic plaques. Rupture of the plaque is related to the thickness of the fibrous cap overlying the necrotic lipid core. A thin cap is more likely to lead to rupture. Multiple factors broadly grouped as the "determinants of vulnerability" are responsible for directly or indirectly influencing the plaque dynamics. Apoptosis is considered an important underlying mechanism that contributes to plaque instability. Inflammatory reactions within the plaque trigger apoptosis by cell-cell contact and intra cellular death signaling. Once started, the apoptotic process affects all of the components that make up the plaque, including vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and macrophages. Extensive research has identified many of the key cellular and molecular regulators that play a part in apoptosis within the atherosclerotic lesion. This information will help us to gain a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms at the cellular and molecular level and enable us to formulate better therapeutic strategies to combat this disease.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 11/2004; 82(10):860-71. DOI:10.1139/y04-095 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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