The fate of rectus fascia suburethral slings
ABSTRACT Autologous rectus fascia is commonly used to construct suburethral slings for the treatment of genuine stress incontinence. This fascia performs well and has not been associated with clinical problems related to its choice as a sling material. However, the histologic appearance of such slings after implantation has not been documented.
At the time of revision of autologous rectus fascia suburethral slings in 5 patients, biopsy specimens of the slings were obtained and submitted for histologic examination. A specimen of rectus fascia before implantation was also obtained from a sixth patient who had no symptoms.
After implantation autologous rectus fascia slings remain viable. There is fibroblast proliferation, neovascularization, and remodeling of the graft. No evidence of inflammatory reaction or of graft degeneration was detected. A linear orientation of connective tissue and fibroblasts was seen in some areas, whereas other areas had remodeled to form tissue similar to noninflammatory scar.
Autologous rectus fascia slings undergo extensive remodeling after implantation.
SourceAvailable from: Giulia Gigliobianco[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are major health issues that detrimentally impact the quality of life of millions of women worldwide. Surgical repair is an effective and durable treatment for both conditions. Over the past two decades there has been a trend to enforce or reinforce repairs with synthetic and biological materials. The determinants of surgical outcome are many, encompassing the physical and mechanical properties of the material used, and individual immune responses, as well surgical and constitutional factors. Of the current biomaterials in use none represents an ideal. Biomaterials that induce limited inflammatory response followed by constructive remodelling appear to have more long term success than biomaterials that induce chronic inflammation, fibrosis and encapsulation. In this review we draw upon published animal and human studies to characterize the changes biomaterials undergo after implantation and the typical host responses, placing these in the context of clinical outcomes.BioMed Research International 08/2014; DOI:10.1155/2015/968087 · 2.71 Impact Factor
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine 02/2010; 2(1):11-16. DOI:10.1016/S1878-3317(10)60003-4
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ABSTRACT: A technique of reconstructing the inguinal ligament using a pedicled fascia lata flap is described. A 62-year-old man was referred with massive bilateral abdominal wall hernias, following numerous attempts at repair and subsequent recurrences. There was complete absence of the right inguinal ligament. The inguinal ligament was reconstructed using a strip of fascia lata, pedicled on the anterior superior iliac spine. This was transposed to cover the external iliac vessels, and sutured to the pubic tubercle. The musculoaponeurotic abdominal wall was reconstructed with two 20cm×20cm sheets of porcine acellular dermal matrix and an overlying sheet of polypropylene mesh, sutured to the remaining abdominal wall muscles laterally, and to both inguinal ligaments. The cutaneous abdominal wall was closed with an abdominoplasty technique. The reconstruction has remained intact nine months following surgery. Complete destruction of the inguinal ligament is rare but can occur following multiple operative procedures or trauma. To date, the only published reports of inguinal ligament reconstruction have been performed using synthetic mesh. The use of autologous tissue should reduce the risk of erosion into the neurovascular bundle, seroma formation, and enhance integration into surrounding tissues. This new technique for autologous reconstruction of the inguinal ligament provides a safe alternative to the use of synthetic mesh in the operative armamentarium of plastic and hernia surgeons.05/2013; 4(9):785-788. DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2013.04.003