A novel mechanism of cooperation between c-Kit and erythropoietin receptor - Stem cell factor induces the expression of Stat5 and erythropoietin receptor, resulting in efficient proliferation and survival by erythropoietin
ABSTRACT Optimal production of red cells in vivo requires collaboration between c-Kit, erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R), and GATA-1. However, the mechanism(s) of collaboration remain unclear. Utilizing an embryonic stem cell-derived erythroid progenitor cell line from mice deficient in GATA-1, we have examined the role of c-Kit and Epo-R in erythroid cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. In the absence of GATA-1, we demonstrate an essential role for c-Kit in survival and proliferation of erythroid progenitors via the regulation of Bcl-2 expression. In addition, we demonstrate that Epo-R and Stat5 are regulated by a second, novel mechanism. We demonstrate that c-Kit stimulation by stem cell factor is essential for the maintenance of Epo-R and Stat5 protein expression, which results in significantly enhanced Bcl-x(L) induction and survival of erythroid progenitors in response to Epo stimulation. Restoration of GATA-1 function results in terminal erythroid maturation and up-regulation of Epo-R and Bcl-x(L) expression, leading also to significantly enhanced survival of terminally differentiating erythroid progenitors in the presence of only Epo. These results demonstrate that c-Kit and Epo-R have unique role(s) during distinct phases of erythroid maturation, and both stem cell factor and Epo contribute to the regulation of the Epo-R-Stat5-Bcl-x(L) pathway to ensure optimal survival, proliferation, and differentiation of erythroid progenitors.
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ABSTRACT: The interactions between c-Kit and its ligand, stem cell factor (SCF), play an important role in haematopoiesis, pigmentation and gametogenesis. c-Kit is also found in the pancreas, and recent studies have revealed that c-Kit marks a subpopulation of highly proliferative pancreatic endocrine cells that may harbour islet precursors. c-Kit governs and maintains pancreatic endocrine cell maturation and function via multiple signalling pathways. In this review we address the importance of c-Kit signalling within the pancreas, including its profound role in islet morphogenesis, islet vascularisation, and beta cell survival and function. We also discuss the impact of c-Kit signalling in pancreatic disease and the use of c-Kit as a potential target for the development of cell-based and novel drug therapies in the treatment of diabetes.Diabetologia 02/2015; 58(4). DOI:10.1007/s00125-015-3504-0 · 6.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Signaling by the stem cell factor receptor Kit in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells is functionally associated with the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival. Expression of the receptor is downregulated upon terminal differentiation in most lineages, including red blood cell terminal maturation, suggesting that omission of Kit transduced signals is a prerequisite for the differentiation process to occur. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Kit signaling preserves the undifferentiated state of progenitor cells are not yet characterized in detail. In this study, we generated a mouse model for inducible expression of a Kit receptor carrying an activating mutation and studied its effects on fetal liver hematopoiesis. We found that sustained Kit signaling leads to expansion of erythroid precursors and interferes with terminal maturation beyond the erythroblast stage. Primary KIT(D816V) erythroblasts stimulated to differentiate fail to exit cell cycle and show elevated rates of apoptosis because of insufficient induction of survival factors. They further retain expression of progenitor cell associated factors c-Myc, c-Myb and GATA-2 and inefficiently upregulate erythroid transcription factors GATA-1, Klf1 and Tal1. In KIT(D816V) erythroblasts we found constitutive activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, elevated expression of the src kinase family member Lyn and impaired Akt activation in response to erythropoietin. We demonstrate that the block in differentiation is partially rescued by MAPK inhibition, and completely rescued by the multikinase inhibitor Dasatinib. These results show that a crosstalk between Kit and erythropoietin receptor signaling cascades exists and that continuous Kit signaling, partly mediated by the MAPK pathway, interferes with this crosstalk.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 17 October 2014; doi:10.1038/cdd.2014.172.Cell Death and Differentiation 10/2014; DOI:10.1038/cdd.2014.172 · 8.39 Impact Factor