Talent identification and development in soccer.
ABSTRACT In this review, we attempt to integrate the main research findings concerned with talent identification and development in soccer. Research approaches in anthropometry, physiology, psychology and sociology are considered and, where possible, integrated. Although some progress has been made in identifying correlates of playing success, it appears that no unique characteristics can be isolated with confidence. Both biological and behavioural scientists have indicated a strong genetic component in performance of sports such as soccer; nevertheless, the influence of systematic training and development programmes should not be underestimated. We conclude that the sport and exercise sciences have an important support role in the processes of identifying, monitoring and nurturing talented soccer players towards realizing their potential.
- SourceAvailable from: Jorge Lorenzo CalvoAULA. 01/2015;
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ABSTRACT: The present study aims at understanding relationships between different psychological parameters in explaining soccer performance outcome. Attempts have been made to realize the relative significance of perceptual-motor skills influencing relevant psychological, physiological factors required for achievement of performance excellence. One-hundred seventy-six young soccer players living in Kelantan province of Malaysia participated in this study. Regression analyses were done to identify in-depth relationship between the psychological and psychomotor processes with psychobiological autonomic arousal modulation capacity of the players, which would determine higher-order cortical activation in the soccer players. These analyses were associated with performance analyses pertaining to skilful soccer performance. Psychomotor and autonomic processes involved in differential levels of soccer participation and performance were verified in accordance with the level of cortical activation. Generalised lack in motor coordination, delayed movement timing as well as faster reaction ability along with adequate autonomic response habituation were viewed as the most significant intervening variables explaining cortical activation observed in the soccer players.Research Journal of Recent Sciences. 08/2014; 3(IVC 2014):130 - 136.
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ABSTRACT: Talent identification and development in soccer is often biased by maturation-related differences of young athletes. However, there is no information available about success rates for youth maturing at different tempos to achieve success in elite adult soccer. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of different maturational groups among boys playing soccer, and to track them for competence in adult performance. A prospective cohort study design was used to follow 55, 14-year-old boys playing in Serbian youth soccer Division I over eight years. At the age of 14, biological age using skeletal age rates was determined, and participants were categorized as early maturers (EaM), normal maturers (NoM), and late maturers (LaM). Game competence for adult soccer at age 22 was described as elite if an individual played for clubs competing in top-five international soccer leagues (La Liga, Premier League, Bundesliga, Serie A, and Ligue 1), and/or has become a member of an adult National team. Among boys in our study group, 43.8% were categorized as EaM, 35.4% as NoM, and 20.8% as LaM (P = 0.11). A significant difference in biological age was found among maturational groups at age 14, with EaM > NoM > LaM (P > 0.0001). When assessed for adult soccer competence, 33.3% of participants (16 out of 48 players) succeed in achieving elite level. Elite soccer competence acquired 60.1% players from the group of LaM, 38.1% from NoM, and 11.8% from EaM (P > 0.0001). Our comparative analysis suggests that soccer excludes early maturing boys and favors late maturing boys as level of performance increases.Research in Sports Medicine 09/2014; 22(4):398-407. · 1.43 Impact Factor