Effect of different recumbent positions on postprandial gastroesophageal reflux in normal subjects
ABSTRACT Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is increased in the right compared to the left recumbent position. Esophageal acid exposure is related to the acidity at the cardia, but the effect of body position on the acidity at the cardia has not yet been investigated. We aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying increased esophageal acid exposure in the right recumbent position.
On 2 separate days a 4-h combined esophageal and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) manometry and pH recording of esophagus, gastric cardia, and corpus was performed in the right and left recumbent position after a high fat meal in 10 healthy subjects.
In the right recumbent position a prolonged esophageal acid exposure (7.0% vs 2.0%, p < 0.03), a higher incidence of reflux episodes (3.8 vs 0.9/h, p < 0.03), more transient LES relaxations (TLESRs) (6.5 vs 3.2/h, p < 0.03), and higher percentage TLESRs associated with reflux (57.0% vs 22.4% p < 0.03) was recorded than in the left supine position. Acidity at gastric cardia and corpus was not affected by body position.
Increased esophageal acid exposure in the right recumbent position relative to the left recumbent position is the result of a higher incidence of GER episodes caused by an increased incidence of TLESRs and higher percentage of TLESRs associated with GER. Body position does not affect the acidity at the gastric cardia and corpus.
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ABSTRACT: The role of sexual activity on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an under-recognized concern of patients, and one rarely assessed by physicians. The objective of this article is to determine the influence of sexual activity on the intraesophageal acid exposure and acid reflux events in GERD patients. Twenty-one patients with the diagnosis of GERD were prospectively enrolled. Intraesophageal pH monitoring was recorded for 48 hours with a Bravo capsule. All patients were instructed to have sexual intercourse or abstain in a random order two hours after the same refluxogenic dinner within two consecutive nights. Patients were requested to have sex in the standard "missionary position" and women were warned to avoid abdominal compression. The patients completed a diary reporting the time of the sexual intercourse and GERD symptoms. The percentage of reflux time and acid reflux events were compared in two ways: within 30 and 60 minutes prior to and after sexual intercourse on the day of sexual intercourse and in the same time frame of the day without sexual intercourse. Fifteen of 21 GERD patients were analyzed. The percentage of reflux time and number of acid reflux events did not show a significant difference within the 30- and 60-minute periods prior to and after sexual intercourse on the day of sexual intercourse and on the day without sexual intercourse, as well. Sexual activity does not predispose to increased intraesophageal acid exposure and acid reflux events. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings in patients who define reflux symptoms during sexual intercourse.12/2014; 2(6):482-489. DOI:10.1177/2050640614550851
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Postprandial dyspepsia is common and may be associated with abnormal intragastric distribution of food. We aimed to determine the effect of body position on gastric emptying, meal distribution, and postprandial perceptions in healthy subjects. Material and methods. Eight adolescents (4 females and 4 males aged 14 years) were investigated using three-dimensional ultrasonography. The subjects were studied twice in a random order: once in the right lateral recumbent (RLR) position and once in the left lateral recumbent (LLR) position. Postprandial perceptions, gastric volumes, and antral areas were recorded immediately after the ingestion of 500 ml of a low-caloric meat soup over 4 min, and at 10 and 20 min following the meal. Results. Postprandial perceptions (epigastric pain, nausea, and fullness) were more pronounced in the RLR position compared to the LLR position, particularly at the end of the meal ingestion (p < 0.01). Gastric volumes were significantly smaller in the RLR position compared to the LLR position at 10 min (p < 0.01) and 20 min (p < 0.05). Antral areas were significantly wider in the RLR position compared to the LLR position at 10 min (p < 0.05) and 20 min (p < 0.01). Conclusion. Postprandial perceptions are more pronounced, gastric emptying is faster, and antral area is wider in the RLR position compared to the LLR position. The results suggest that lying on the left side after a meal may be a measure to reduce postprandial dyspeptic sensations.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2014; 50(2):1-4. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2014.990506 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) is the major mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) but the regulation of TLESR by stimuli in the esophagus is incompletely understood. If stimuli in the esophagus can influence TLESR, then such regulation may perpetuate or limit GER. We addressed the hypothesis that acid in the esophagus enhances TLESRs.Methods We evaluated the effect of acid infusion into the distal esophagus on TLESRs evoked by a standard meal in a paired randomized study in healthy subjects. TLESRs were evaluated by using high resolution manometry (HRM).Key ResultsWe found that acid in the esophagus enhanced meal-induced TLESRs. Compared to control infusion the number of TLESRs (median [interquartile range]) was increased during 2 h following the acid infusion (11 [9–14] vs 17 [12.5–20], p < 0.01). The average duration of individual TLESRs was not affected. The time-course analysis revealed that a robust increase in TLESRs occurred already in the first hour when the number of TLESRs nearly doubled (6 [5.5–7.5] vs 11 [7.5–12.5], p < 0.05). In contrast to the enhancement of TLESRs, the number of swallows was not changed.Conclusions & InferencesThe acid infusion into the esophagus increases the number of meal-induced TLESRs in healthy subjects. Our results provide evidence for the concept that the stimuli in the esophagus can influence TLESRs. The regulation of TLESR by stimuli in the esophagus may contribute to pathogenesis of GER in some patients.Neurogastroenterology and Motility 08/2014; 26(10). DOI:10.1111/nmo.12409 · 3.42 Impact Factor