Peripheral neuropathy associated with common variable immunodeficiency.
ABSTRACT We report a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) who developed an axonal sensorimotor polyneuropathy, a hitherto unreported association to our knowledge. These conditions may be linked at the pathogenetic level, since some CVID patients are prone to the development of autoimmune disease.
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ABSTRACT: Soluble CD8, soluble CD4, soluble CD25 (IL-2 receptor), beta 2-microglobulin and the cytokine tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured in sera from patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVI). Levels of soluble CD8, soluble CD25 and beta 2-microglobulin but not of soluble CD4 and TNF-alpha were raised significantly above levels in normal sera. Sera from patients with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia, who are also antibody deficient, did not show this marked elevation. The raised levels of soluble CD8, soluble CD25 and beta 2-microglobulin in CVI, correlated with the extent of the defects in the B lymphocytes assessed in vitro, as well as with the clinical severity of the disease. The selective release of these molecules into sera may indicate that abnormal cellular activation occurs in most CVI patients. It is also possible that the raised levels of these soluble molecules play a part in the immunodeficiency.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 12/1991; 86(2):252-5. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVI) or hypogammaglobulinemia is a heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency disease in which B cells produce little or no antibody. Since the disease is relatively rare and the spectrum of associated illnesses is broad, patients are given care by a variety of specialists. Thus it has been difficult to determine the incidence of specific complications. In these studies we analyzed 103 consecutively referred CVI patients of age range 3-71 years (average, 29 years) who were followed for a period of 1-13 years (total of 750 patient years). The average serum IgG was 174.4 mg/dl for untreated patients and 301 mg/dl for patients treated with intramuscular immunoglobulin at the time of the first visit. The average IgA was 14.5, and the average IgM was 80.7, with no difference between or after immunoglobulin treatment. About one-half of the patients had T-cell dysfunction, but lymphocyte stimulation responses were inversely related to age, which implies worsened T-cell immunity with age. Serum IgG and IgA levels were found to be statistically associated (P = 0.008), and serum IgG was related to lymphocyte stimulation with concanavalin A (P = 0.01). By 1986, 79 patients were alive, 23 had died, and 1 could not be located. Recurrent bacterial illnesses were common to all patients, and 22% had developed chronic lung disease, 22% autoimmune disease, 15% cancer, 13% hepatitis, and 9% malabsorption. Autoimmune disease was more common in females, and cancer was more likely to develop in the fifth and sixth decades. In 11% of the group, other family members were found to be immunodeficient (hypogammaglobulinemic or IgA deficient). Nine patients died of respiratory insufficiency (with or without other complications), and seven patients died of cancer. These data provide valuable information about the immunologic abnormalities and the spectrum and frequency of illnesses associated with hypogammaglobulinemia.Journal of Clinical Immunology 02/1989; 9(1):22-33. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sural nerve changes are described in 2 cases of amiodarone neuropathy. Clinically, 1 patient developed a sensorimotor neuropathy, whereas in the other it was predominantly motor. Examination of sural nerves showed demyelination with only mild axonal loss. Cytoplasmic changes developed in Schwann cells of myelinated and unmyelinated axons, and involved loss of most recognizable organelles. These changes were associated with, and possibly preceded, myelin sheath breakdown. Inclusions, mainly of a lamellated type, were found in all cell types in the nerves. These inclusions, known to be lysosomal in origin, are a characteristic finding in amiodarone-induced neuropathy. The pathogenesis of the neuropathy is discussed, with particular reference to the findings in a parallel experimental study.Brain 10/1985; 108 ( Pt 3):753-69. · 9.92 Impact Factor