Ca2+-sensing receptor-mediated regulation of volume-sensitive Cl- channels in human epithelial cells.

Department of Cell Physiology, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan.
The Journal of Physiology (Impact Factor: 4.54). 12/2000; 528(Pt 3):457-72. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.00457.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Since extracellular Ca2+ or Mg2+ has been reported to modulate swelling-activated Cl- currents, we examined the expression of the G protein-coupled Ca2+-sensing receptor (CaR) and its involvement in the regulation of volume-sensitive Cl- channels in a human epithelial cell line (Intestine 407). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting analysis showed that Intestine 407 cells express CaR mRNA and protein. The swelling-activated whole-cell Cl- current was voltage-independently augmented by extracellular Ca2+ or Mg2+. In addition, Ca2+ or Mg2+ voltage-dependently accelerated the inactivation kinetics of the Cl- current. Neomycin, spermine and La3+ augmented volume-sensitive Cl- currents. However, these CaR agonists failed to affect depolarization-induced inactivation. Intracellular application of GTPgammaS, but not GDPbeta]S, increased the amplitude of the swelling-induced Cl- current without affecting the basal current. The upregulating effect of Ca2+ on the Cl- current amplitude was abolished by either GTPgammaS or GDPbetaS. In contrast, GTPgammaS and GDPbetaS failed to affect the inactivation kinetics of the Cl- current and the accelerating effect of Ca2+ thereon. The Cl- current amplitude was enlarged by stimulation with forskolin, dibutyryl cAMP and IBMX. During the cAMP stimulation, extracellular Ca2+ failed to increase the Cl- current but did accelerate depolarization-induced inactivation. It is concluded that stimulation of the CaR induces upregulation of volume-sensitive Cl- channels via a G protein-mediated increase in intracellular cAMP in the human epithelial cell. However, the accelerating effect of extracellular divalent cations on the inactivation kinetics of the Cl- current is induced by a mechanism independent of the CaR and cAMP.

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