Social Relations, Physical Activity, and Well-Being in Older Adults
ABSTRACT A randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine: (a) the effect of two physical activity modes on changes in subjective well-being (SWB) over the course of a 12-month period in older, formerly sedentary adults (N = 174, M age = 65.5 years) and (b) the role played by physical activity participation and social support in changes in SWB over time.
Participants were randomized into either an aerobic activity group or a stretching and toning group. Structural equation modeling was employed to conduct multiple sample latent growth curve analyses of individual growth in measures of SWB (happiness, satisfaction with life, and loneliness) over time.
A curvilinear growth pattern was revealed with well-being significantly improving over the course of the intervention followed by significant declines at the 6-month follow-up. Subsequent structural analyses were conducted showing that frequency of exercise participation was a significant predictor of improvement in satisfaction with life, whereas social relations were related to increases in satisfaction with life and reductions in loneliness. Improvements in social relations and exercise frequency also helped to buffer the declines in satisfaction with life at follow-up.
It appears that social relations integral to the exercise environment are significant determinants of subjective well-being in older adults. Findings are discussed in terms of how physical activity environments might be structured to maximize improvements in more global well-being constructs such as satisfaction with life.
OTJR Occupation Participation Health 09/2011; 31(4):193-199. DOI:10.3928/15394492-20101222-01 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: When examining older adults' health behaviors and psychological health, it is important to consider the social context. The purpose of this study was to examine in older adult marriages whether each spouse's physical activity predicted changes in their own (actor effects) and their partner's (partner effects) depressive symptoms. Gender differences were also examined. Each spouse within 1260 married couples (at baseline) in the Cardiovascular Health Study completed self-report measures at wave 1 (1989-1990), wave 3 (1992-1993), and wave 7 (1996-1997). Dyadic path analyses were performed. Husbands' physical activity significantly predicted own decreased depressive symptoms (actor effect). For both spouses, own physical activity did not significantly predict the spouse's depressive symptoms (partner effects). However, husbands' physical activity and depressive symptoms predicted wives' physical activity and depressive symptoms (partner effects), respectively. Depressive symptoms did not predict physical activity. Findings suggest that husbands' physical activity is particularly influential for older married couples' psychological health.Annals of Behavioral Medicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12160-015-9705-4 · 4.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many physical and psychological disorders that commonly occur with aging can be delayed or even prevented by physical activity. Besides, social support is associated with increased physical and psychological health among the elderly. This study aimed to determine the improvement on the physical ability and social support following an intervention among elderly in a northeastern state in Malaysia. A total of 56 participants aged 60 and above were involved in a community intervention project conducted in two rural villages in a local district of Kelantan between December 2011 and February 2012. Their functional, physical abilities and social support at baseline and at three-months post intervention were assessed using Barthel Index (BI) questionnaire, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) physical examination and Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) respectively. Each participant was individually coached with eight simple steps indoor exercise. The exercise posters and calendars were left on the wall for their reference. A religious talk and interactive telematch were concurrently conducted for all the villagers to enhance their social support system. Descriptive analysis and paired t-test were performed using PASW 18.0. All participants were Malays with mean age 71.0 years (SD=9.30 years), unemployed (71.6%) and almost two-fifth (43.2%) were widow. The functional ability was significantly increased by mean score of 3.50 (95% CI [2.52, 6.75], p = .035) at post-intervention. Similarly, the physical performance score showed an increased trend but was marginally insignificant (p = .058). The social support score was statistically increased after intervention by mean score of 5.56 (95% CI [0.28, 11.08], p = .049). Improving functional performance in elderly is important for their independence but higher level of social support among them would result in better compliance to the intervention program as shown by this study. A further follow-up is recommended to ensure the sustainability of the intervention program.