Pagetoid dyskeratosis, is considered a reactive process in which a small part of the normal population of keratinocytes is induced to proliferate. The lesion is characterized by pale cells resembling those of Paget's disease within the epidermis. These cells have been seen as an incidental finding in a variety of benign papules most commonly located in intertriginous areas. Among the inductors of the lesion, friction is suspected. To the best of our knowledge, these pale cells have not been reported in the cervix. We describe the location of the lesion in the ectocervix and the incidence of this lesion in a group of 100 unselected patients surgically treated for uterine prolapse. Another group of 100 unselected patients treated for uterine leiomyoma was used as a control. Pagetoid dyskeratosis was found in 37 cases (37%) of uterine prolapse and in five cases (5%) of uterine leiomyomas. The lesion is more common in uterine prolapse (p <0.001) and is not significantly associated with cornification of the epithelium (p = 0.72343). The cells of pagetoid dyskeratosis show an immunohistochemical profile different from the surrounding squamous cells characterized by premature keratinization. Pagetoid dyskeratosis cells have shown positivity for high molecular weight cytokeratin and negative reaction for low molecular weight cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and human papilloma virus. Pagetoid dyskeratosis cells must be distinguished from artefactual clear cells, glycogen-rich cells, koilocytes, extramammary Paget's disease cells, and pagetoid spread of carcinoma cells to the cervix. In cases in which pagetoid dyskeratosis shows a florid expression, there is a hazard of overdiagnosis. The pathologist should be aware of the histologic features of pagetoid dyskeratosis in the ectocervix to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment. Routine histologic study is usually sufficient to identify the lesion.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pagetoid dyskeratosis is an incidental finding in a variety of lesions of the skin and squamous mucosa. The lesion is considered a selective keratinocytic response in which a small part of the normal population of keratinocytes is induced to proliferate in response to friction. As far as we know, pagetoid dyskeratosis has not been reported in the lips. In this article, we describe the location of the lesion in the lips and its incidence in a group of 90 unselected patients who underwent biopsy or were surgically treated for diverse labial lesions. Histochemical staining and immunohistochemical studies were performed in selected cases. Pagetoid dyskeratosis was found in 38 cases (42.2%) but only in 6 cases (6.7%) the lesion was conspicuous. There was no significant difference between the upper and the lower lip in terms of incidence of the lesion. Labial pagetoid dyskeratosis was more frequent in younger patients (46.7 +/- 25.0 versus 58.5 +/- 20.5; p < 0.05) and in women (chi(2) = 3.89; p < 0.05). Pagetoid cells were more common in suprabasal location and in the labial mucosa. These cells showed positivity for high-molecular weight cytokeratin and negative reaction for low-molecular weight cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and human papilloma virus. The immunohistochemical profile is different from the surrounding keratinocytes, indicating premature keratinization. The main differential diagnoses include white sponge nevus, leukoedema, oral koilocytoses, hairy leukoplakia, pagetoid squamous cell carcinoma in situ, and extramammary Paget's disease of the oral mucosa. The morphologic features of dyskeratotic pagetoid cells are distinctive and easily recognized as an incidental finding, thus preventing confusion with other important entities including an intraepidermal tumor.
American Journal of Dermatopathology 09/2001; 23(4):329-33. DOI:10.1097/00000372-200108000-00010 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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