Pagetoid dyskeratosis of the cervix: An incidental histologic finding in uterine prolapse
Department of Anatomical Pathology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Medical Faculty, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain. American Journal of Surgical Pathology
(Impact Factor: 5.15).
11/2000; 24(11):1518-23. DOI: 10.1097/00000478-200011000-00007
Pagetoid dyskeratosis, is considered a reactive process in which a small part of the normal population of keratinocytes is induced to proliferate. The lesion is characterized by pale cells resembling those of Paget's disease within the epidermis. These cells have been seen as an incidental finding in a variety of benign papules most commonly located in intertriginous areas. Among the inductors of the lesion, friction is suspected. To the best of our knowledge, these pale cells have not been reported in the cervix. We describe the location of the lesion in the ectocervix and the incidence of this lesion in a group of 100 unselected patients surgically treated for uterine prolapse. Another group of 100 unselected patients treated for uterine leiomyoma was used as a control. Pagetoid dyskeratosis was found in 37 cases (37%) of uterine prolapse and in five cases (5%) of uterine leiomyomas. The lesion is more common in uterine prolapse (p <0.001) and is not significantly associated with cornification of the epithelium (p = 0.72343). The cells of pagetoid dyskeratosis show an immunohistochemical profile different from the surrounding squamous cells characterized by premature keratinization. Pagetoid dyskeratosis cells have shown positivity for high molecular weight cytokeratin and negative reaction for low molecular weight cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and human papilloma virus. Pagetoid dyskeratosis cells must be distinguished from artefactual clear cells, glycogen-rich cells, koilocytes, extramammary Paget's disease cells, and pagetoid spread of carcinoma cells to the cervix. In cases in which pagetoid dyskeratosis shows a florid expression, there is a hazard of overdiagnosis. The pathologist should be aware of the histologic features of pagetoid dyskeratosis in the ectocervix to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment. Routine histologic study is usually sufficient to identify the lesion.
Available from: asdp.org
Archives of Dermatology 12/1976; 112 Spec no:1674-8. DOI:10.1001/archderm.1976.01630360042012 · 4.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pagetoid dyskeratosis is an incidental finding in a variety of lesions of the skin and squamous mucosa. The lesion is considered a selective keratinocytic response in which a small part of the normal population of keratinocytes is induced to proliferate in response to friction. As far as we know, pagetoid dyskeratosis has not been reported in the lips. In this article, we describe the location of the lesion in the lips and its incidence in a group of 90 unselected patients who underwent biopsy or were surgically treated for diverse labial lesions. Histochemical staining and immunohistochemical studies were performed in selected cases. Pagetoid dyskeratosis was found in 38 cases (42.2%) but only in 6 cases (6.7%) the lesion was conspicuous. There was no significant difference between the upper and the lower lip in terms of incidence of the lesion. Labial pagetoid dyskeratosis was more frequent in younger patients (46.7 +/- 25.0 versus 58.5 +/- 20.5; p < 0.05) and in women (chi(2) = 3.89; p < 0.05). Pagetoid cells were more common in suprabasal location and in the labial mucosa. These cells showed positivity for high-molecular weight cytokeratin and negative reaction for low-molecular weight cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and human papilloma virus. The immunohistochemical profile is different from the surrounding keratinocytes, indicating premature keratinization. The main differential diagnoses include white sponge nevus, leukoedema, oral koilocytoses, hairy leukoplakia, pagetoid squamous cell carcinoma in situ, and extramammary Paget's disease of the oral mucosa. The morphologic features of dyskeratotic pagetoid cells are distinctive and easily recognized as an incidental finding, thus preventing confusion with other important entities including an intraepidermal tumor.
American Journal of Dermatopathology 09/2001; 23(4):329-33. DOI:10.1097/00000372-200108000-00010 · 1.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pagetoid dyskeratosis is considered a selective keratinocytic response in which a small part of the normal population of keratinocytes is induced to proliferate. Pagetoid dyskeratosis has been found incidentally in the squamous epithelium of the skin in various locations and in the ectocervix in uterine prolapse. In cases in which these pale cells are conspicuous, there is a hazard of overdiagnosis. It has been suggested that friction is the most probable inductor of the lesion. To the best of our knowledge, pagetoid cells have not been reported in surgically resected hemorrhoids.
We here describe the location of pagetoid dyskeratosis in the squamous epithelium of hemorrhoids and the incidence of this lesion in a group of 100 unselected patients surgically treated for hemorrhoidal disease. In addition to the conventional histologic method, special staining procedures and an immunohistochemical study of cytokeratins were performed in selected cases.
Pagetoid dyskeratosis was found in 68 cases (68%) and was a prominent finding in 22 cases (22%). The cells of pagetoid dyskeratosis were strongly positive for high-molecular weight cytokeratin. These cells showed an immunohistochemical profile that was different from that of the surrounding squamous cells and indicative of premature keratinization.
In hemorrhoidal disease, the cushions are susceptible to trauma as a result of prolapse. In this setting, friction may be the stimulus for the appearance of pagetoid dyskeratotic cells. These cells must be distinguished from the artifactual clear cells of the squamous epithelium, glycogen-rich cells, and koilocytes. The lesion must also be distinguished from extramammary Paget disease, pagetoid spread of carcinoma cells, pagetoid Bowen disease, and pagetoid melanoma. Pathologists should be familiar with the histologic features of pagetoid dyskeratosis in hemorrhoidectomy specimens to avoid misdiagnosis. Routine histologic study is usually adequate for recognizing this lesion.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 09/2001; 125(8):1058-62. DOI:10.1043/0003-9985(2001)125<1058:PDIAFI>2.0.CO;2 · 2.84 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.