Homeobox gene Nkx6.1 lies downstream of Nkx2.2 in the major pathway of beta-cell formation in the pancreas.

Hormone Research Institute, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0534, USA.
Development (Impact Factor: 6.27). 01/2001; 127(24):5533-40.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Most insulin-producing beta-cells in the fetal mouse pancreas arise during the secondary transition, a wave of differentiation starting at embryonic day 13. Here, we show that disruption of homeobox gene Nkx6.1 in mice leads to loss of beta-cell precursors and blocks beta-cell neogenesis specifically during the secondary transition. In contrast, islet development in Nkx6. 1/Nkx2.2 double mutant embryos is identical to Nkx2.2 single mutant islet development: beta-cell precursors survive but fail to differentiate into beta-cells throughout development. Together, these experiments reveal two independently controlled pathways for beta-cell differentiation, and place Nkx6.1 downstream of Nkx2.2 in the major pathway of beta-cell differentiation.


Available from: David W Scheel, Jun 07, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mammalian pancreas is a specialized derivative of the primitive gut endoderm and controls many homeostatic functions through the activity of its component exocrine acinar and endocrine islet cells. The LIM homeodomain protein ISL1 is expressed in all classes of islet cells in the adult and its expression in the embryo is initiated soon after the islet cells have left the cell cycle. ISL1 is also expressed in mesenchymal cells that surround the dorsal but not ventral evagination of the gut endoderm, which together comprise the pancreatic anlagen. To define the role of ISL1 in the development of the pancreas, we have now analysed acinar and islet cell differentiation in mice deficient in ISL1 function. Dorsal pancreatic mesenchyme does not form in ISL1-mutant embryos and there is an associated failure of exocrine cell differentiation in the dorsal but not the ventral pancreas. There is also a complete loss of differentiated islet cells. Exocrine, but not endocrine, cell differentiation in the dorsal pancreas can be rescued in vitro by provision of mesenchyme derived from wild-type embryos. These results indicate that ISL1, by virtue of its requirement for the formation of dorsal mesenchyme, is necessary for the development of the dorsal exocrine pancreas, and also that ISL1 function in pancreatic endodermal cells is required for the generation of all endocrine islet cells.
    Nature 02/1997; 385(6613):257-60. DOI:10.1038/385257a0 · 42.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insulin appears in the developing mouse pancreas at embryonic day 12 (e12). Transgenic mice harboring three distinct hybrid genes utilizing insulin gene regulatory information first express the transgene product two days earlier, at e10, in a few cells of the pancreatic bud. Throughout development and postnatal life, all of the insulin-producing (beta) cells coexpress the hybrid insulin gene. In addition, islet cells containing glucagon, somatostatin, pancreatic polypeptide, and the neuronal enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase coexpress the transgene when they first arise. Similarly, coexpression of these normally distinct islet cell markers occurs during differentiation of the four endocrine cell types. The transgene product also appears transiently during embryogenesis in cells of the neural tube and in neural crest. The results suggest a common precursor for the endocrine cells of the pancreas. Moreover, they imply a relationship between neural and pancreatic endocrine tissue.
    Cell 05/1988; 53(2):295-308. DOI:10.1016/0092-8674(88)90391-1 · 33.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the late beta-cell-specific function of the homeodomain protein IPF1/PDX1 we have generated mice in which the Ipf1/Pdx1 gene has been disrupted specifically in beta cells. These mice develop diabetes with age, and we show that IPF1/PDX1 is required for maintaining the beta cell identity by positively regulating insulin and islet amyloid polypeptide expression and by repressing glucagon expression. We also provide evidence that IPF1/PDX1 regulates the expression of Glut2 in a dosage-dependent manner suggesting that lowered IPF1/PDX1 activity may contribute to the development of type II diabetes by causing impaired expression of both Glut2 and insulin.
    Genes & Development 07/1998; 12(12):1763-8. DOI:10.1101/gad.12.12.1763 · 12.64 Impact Factor