Attitudes about racism, medical mistrust, and satisfaction with care among African American and white cardiac patients
ABSTRACT The authors examine determinants of satisfaction with medical care among 1,784 (781 African American and 1,003 white) cardiac patients. Patient satisfaction was modeled as a function of predisposing factors (gender, age, medical mistrust, and perception of racism) and enabling factors (medical insurance). African Americans reported less satisfaction with care. Although both black and white patients tended not to endorse the existence of racism in the medical care system, African American patients were more likely to perceive racism. African American patients were significantly more likely to report mistrust. Multivariate analysis found that the perception of racism and mistrust of the medical care system led to less satisfaction with care. When perceived racism and medical mistrust were controlled, race was no longer a significant predictor of satisfaction.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Historically, African Americans have been underrepresented in clinical trials (CTs) compared to whites. A growing number of research institutions have created CT registries to match volunteers with appropriate studies. In a sample of 745 African Americans from 16 churches, we tested the impact of a culturally tailored intervention aimed at increasing enrollment in a university-based CT registry. Half of the churches received a culturally tailored CT education program (intervention) and half of the churches received a program about healthy eating (comparison). The main outcomes were the odds of post-test self-reported enrollment and verified enrollment. Using linear regression, post-test willingness to participate in a CT was also assessed. Odds of verified enrollment were higher in the intervention than comparison group (OR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.33-6.5, p=0.01). Post-test self-reported enrollment in the registry was also higher among the intervention group than comparison group members (OR=1.94, 95% CI: 1.08-3.47, p=0.03). Willingness to participate in a future CT was higher in the intervention group (β=0.74, p=0.02). A culturally tailored education program about CTs can increase enrollment of African Americans in a university-based clinical trials registry. Community engagement and health education workshops may improve minority CT enrollment over time. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.Patient Education and Counseling 11/2014; 98(2). DOI:10.1016/j.pec.2014.10.018 · 2.60 Impact Factor