Article

Osteopontin Deficiency in Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells is Associated with an Inability to Adhere to Collagen and Increased Apoptosis

Department of Pediatrics, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA.
Laboratory Investigation (Impact Factor: 3.83). 12/2000; 80(11):1603-15. DOI: 10.1038/labinvest.3780171
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein that has been implicated in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) adhesion. We have previously described the generation of OPN-deficient VSMC that displayed altered adhesion to collagen. We have examined further the causes and consequences of this altered adhesion. OPN-deficiency was associated with a significant reduction in surface expression of alpha1 and beta1 integrins (mean fluorescence intensity alpha1: OPN-deficient 0.135+/-0.04 vs. control 0.313+/-0.05, p < 0.0001; beta1: OPN-deficient 0.398+/-0.09 vs. control 0.570+/-0.05, p < 0.004). Treatment of normal VSMC with antibody to alpha1 recapitulated the adhesion defect. OPN-deficient cells without collagen exposure had an apoptotic fraction of 1.9%, which increased to 95.7% after 24 hours exposure to collagen. Exogenous OPN added to cultures within 15 minutes of plating restored normal cell adhesion, but did not prevent cells from undergoing apoptosis. Normal VSMC had no detectable apoptosis after 24 hours incubation in suspension, whereas OPN-deficient cells had an apoptotic fraction of 37.5% when incubated in suspension under the same conditions. The data suggest that OPN-deficient VSMC have two distinct abnormalities: an alpha1beta1-mediated inability to adhere normally to collagen and an increased propensity for apoptosis.

0 Followers
 · 
34 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lower extremity varicose veins are a common condition in vascular surgery and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the intima is a significant pathological feature of varicosity. However, the pathogenesis of varicose veins is not fully understood. Osteopontin (OPN) could promote the migration and adhesion of VSMCs through the cell surface receptor integrin β3 and the cooperation of OPN and integrin β3 is involved in many vascular diseases. However, the role of OPN and integrin β3 in varicosity remains unclear. In the current study, we found that the methylation levels in the promoter regions of OPN and integrin β3 genes in the VSMCs of varicose veins are reduced and the protein expression of OPN and integrin β3 are increased, compared with normal veins. Furthermore, it was observed that VSMCs in the neointima of varicose veins were transformed into the synthetic phenotype. Collectively, hypomethylation of the promoter regions for OPN and integrin β3 genes may increase the expression of these genes in varicosity, which is closely related to VSMC phenotype switching. Hypomethylation of the promoter regions for OPN and integrin β3 genes may be a key factor in the pathogenesis of varicosity.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 10/2014; 15(10):18747-18761. DOI:10.3390/ijms151018747 · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the correlation of cell adhesion molecules (osteopontin-c, E-cadherin and β-catenin) with clinicopathological characteristics in breast cancer. Immunostaining of osteopontin-c, E-cadherin and β-catenin were conducted in 170 samples of breast cancer and 30 samples of adjacent normal breast tissues. The correlation of osteopontin-c, E-cadherin and β-catenin expression level with clinicopathological characteristics was evaluated by Pearson's chi-square and Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Univariate and multivariate Cox hazard regression model was used to assess the prognostic values of osteopontin-c, E-cadherin and β-catenin in clinical outcome of breast cancer. A higher level of osteopontin-c whereas lower levels of E-cadherin and β-catenin were observed in breast cancer as compared with the normal breast tissues. The expression of osteopontin-c was negatively associated with the expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin. The expression of osteopontin-c correlated with lymph node metastasis, and advanced TNM stage and histologic grade. The expression of E-cadherin correlated with low histologic grade; and β-catenin with low TNM stage and histological grade. Moreover, high osteopontin-c level correlated with tumor recurrence or metastasis as well as triple negative subtype. The expression of osteopontin-c was an independent prognostic factor for both disease-free and overall survival of breast cancer patients. The data suggest that the expression of osteopontin-c could serve as a prognostic factor of breast cancer.
    09/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.canep.2013.08.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a common structural progression in hypertensive renal damage with early arterial damage and fibrosis in the juxtamedullary cortex.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
0 Downloads
Available from
Feb 9, 2015