Article

The comparative effects of propofol versus thiopental on middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity during electroconvulsive therapy.

Department of Anesthesiology & Reanimatology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.
Anesthesia & Analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.3). 01/2001; 91(6):1531-6. DOI: 10.1097/00000539-200012000-00043
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electroconvulsive therapy provokes abrupt changes in both systemic and cerebral hemodynamics. An anesthetic that has a minor effect on cerebral hemodynamics might be more suitable for patients with intracranial complications, such as cerebral aneurysm. The purpose of our present study was to compare the effects of thiopental and propofol on cerebral blood flow velocity. We continuously compared cerebral blood flow velocity at the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during electroconvulsive therapy, using propofol (1 mg/kg, n = 20) versus thiopental (2 mg/kg, n = 20) anesthesia. Systemic hemodynamic variables and flow velocity at the MCA were measured until 10 min after the electrical shock. Heart rate and arterial blood pressure increased in the thiopental group until 5 min after the electrical shock. In the propofol group, an increase in mean blood pressure was observed to 1 min after the electrical shock. Mean flow velocity at the MCA decreased after anesthesia in both groups, and increased at 0.5-3 min after the electrical shock in the thiopental group and at 0.5 and 1 min after the shock in the propofol group. The flow velocities at 0.5-5 min after the electrical shock were significantly more rapid in the thiopental group compared with the propofol group. ¿abs¿ Implications: Cerebral blood flow velocity change, measured by transcranial Doppler sonography during electroconvulsive therapy, was minor using propofol anesthesia compared with barbiturate anesthesia. Propofol anesthesia may be suitable for patients who cannot tolerate abrupt cerebral hemodynamic change.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
115 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is associated with high mortality. Understanding of the underlying pathophysiology is important as early intervention can improve outcome. Increasing age, altered sensorium and poor Hunt and Hess grade are independent predictors of adverse outcome. Early operative interventions imposes an onus on anesthesiologists to provide brain relaxation. Coiling and clipping are the two treatment options with increasing trends toward coiling. Intraoperatively, tight control of blood pressure and adequate brain relaxation is desirable, so that accidental aneurysm rupture can be averted. Patients with poor grades tolerate higher blood pressures, but are prone to ischemia whereas patients with lower grades tolerate lower blood pressure, but are prone to aneurysm rupture if blood pressure increases. Patients with Hunt and Hess Grade I or II with uneventful intraoperative course are extubated in operation theater, whereas, higher grades are kept electively ventilated. Postoperative management includes attention toward fluid status and early management of vasospasm.
    Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 07/2014; 30(3):328-37.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We experienced anesthetic management for ECT in a patient with psychiatric disease during the third trimester of pregnancy. The 24 year-old patient had been on oral antipsychotics prescribed to treat schizophrenia for ten years. Her signs and symptoms deteiorated during pregnancy in spite of increased doses of antipsychotics. With tocolytic agent administered intravenously, anesthesia was induced by intravenous thiamylal immediately followed by intravenous suxamethonium for muscle relaxation. Alternative current was applied on both side of the head after the sufficient anesthesia had been obtained. The patient received intermittent mandatory ventilation by breathing mask with 100% oxygen during the procedure. Along with monitoring of maternal hemodynamic variables and arterial oxygen saturation (Spo2), fetal heart rate and uterine contraction were recorded by cardiotocogram throughout the procedure. At the first two treatments, the patient showed neither significant uterine contraction nor fetal heart rate changes. At the third treatment, continuous uterine contraction refractory to tocolysis was recorded for six minutes, resulting in fetal bradycardia. At the sixth treatment, general anesthesia was induced and maintained by sevoflurane in oxygen followed by suxamethonium for muscle relaxation. The uterine contraction was remarkably diminished and fetal heart rate remained unchanged during the procedure. In conclusion, inhalation anesthesia is beneficial for ECT in the last stage of pregnancy to reduce uterine contraction by potential uterine relaxation effect of anesthetics.
    Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology 10/2001; 50(9):991-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate anesthesia recovery and hemodynamic status in patients under thiopental infusion or halothane maintenance anesthesia undergoing ocular surgery. Fifty-nine voluntary patients undergoing ocular surgery in Farabi hospital were allocated to one of two maintenance anesthesia groups: inhaled halothane, 0.8 to 1 per cent, (group I, n=37) and thiopental infusion, 10 to 12 mg/kg/hour, (group II, n=22). Hemodynamic parameters were recorded at the time of patient entrance to the operation room and at the 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 minutes following anesthesia. Anesthesia recovery variables were also compared between the two groups. In group I, arterial blood pressure at 10 to 40 min and heart rate at 1 and 25 min after the administration of anesthetics were significantly lower when compared with group II (W ²= 25.10, p= 0.005). Arterial oxygen saturation was similar in the two groups over the whole points of time. The time intervals between the end of surgery and beginning of the first body movements and respiratory efforts were significantly longer in group received halothane (p<0.001). Continuous infusion of thiopental can be applied effectively and safely for maintenance of anesthesia. In comparison with halothane, it is associated with lower changes of intraoperative hemodynamics and faster anesthesia recovery.
    Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 06/2011; 26(3):207-13. · 0.48 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads