Effective gene transfer into regenerating sciatic nerves by adenoviral vectors: potentials for gene therapy of peripheral nerve injury.
ABSTRACT Replication defective adenoviral vectors have been demonstrated as an effective method for delivering genes into a variety of cell types and tissues both in vivo and in vitro. Transfecting genes into neuronal cells has proven to be difficult because of their lack of cell division. Since the major problem in neurological disease is the degeneration of the terminally differentiated neuronal cells, the adenoviral vector's ability to transfer genes into differentiated post-mitotic cells makes them advantageous for a gene delivery system for the nervous system. Here we showed that a replication defective recombinant adenovirus carrying the lacZ gene could infect the neuronal stem cells and even the differentiated neuronal cells derived from the central nervous system. The lacZ gene delivered into the neuronal cells was expressed efficiently. In addition, the recombinant virus also infected Schwann cells in intact and injured nerves in vivo. The expression of the lacZ gene lasted for 5 weeks, within which nerve regeneration is accomplished in the rat. Adenoviral vectors might thus be used to modulate Schwann cell gene expression for treating peripheral nerve injury or peripheral neuropathy.
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ABSTRACT: Neuronal precursor cells may provide for cell replacement or gene delivery vehicles in neurodegenerative disease therapy. One impediment to treating neuronal diseases is finding ways to introduce genes into neurons effectively. It is shown here that fiber-modified adenovirus vector delivered gene to neuronal precursor as well as differentiated neuronal cells more efficiently than first-generation adenoviral vector. Moreover, fiber-modified adenoviral vector transduced precursor cells retained the potential for differentiation into neurons and glia in vitro. These results show the potential of modified adenoviral vector in the improved gene delivery to neurons in direct gene therapy protocols. In addition it holds promise for the use of genetically manipulated stem cells for the therapy of neuronal diseases.Korean Journal of Microbiology 01/2006; 42(1).
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ABSTRACT: Neural cell survival is an essential concern in the aging brain and many diseases of the central nervous system. Neural transplantation of the stem cells are already applied to clinical trials for many degenerative neurological diseases, including Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and strokes. A critical problem of the neural transplantation is how to reduce their apoptosis and improve cell survival. Neurotrophic factors generally contribute as extrinsic cues to promote cell survival of specific neurons in the developing mammalian brains, but the survival factor for neural stem cell is poorly defined. To understand the mechanism controlling stem cell death and improve cell survival of the transplanted stem cells, we investigated the effect of plausible neurotrophic factors on stem cell survival. The neural stem cell, HiB5, when treated with PDGF prior to transplantation, survived better than cells without PDGF. The resulting survival rate was two fold for four weeks and up to three fold for twelve weeks. When transplanted into dorsal hippocampus, they migrated along hippocampal alveus and integrated into pyramidal cell layers and dentate granule cell layers in an inside out sequence, which is perhaps the endogenous pathway that is similar to that in embryonic neurogenesis. Promotion of the long term-survival and differentiation of the transplanted neural precursors by PDGF may facilitate regeneration in the aging adult brain and probably in the injury sites of the brain.BMB reports 01/2002; 35(1). · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aucubin is an iridoid glycoside with a wide range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-algesic as well as anti-tumor activities. Recently, it has been shown that aucubin prevents neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region in rats with diabetic encephalopathy. In addition, it has protective effects on H2O2-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. We have shown here that aucubin promotes neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth in neural stem cells cultured primarily from the rat embryonic hippocampus. We also investigated whether aucubin facilitates axonal elongation in the injured peripheral nervous system. Aucubin promoted lengthening and thickness of axons and re-myelination at 3 weeks after sciatic nerve injury. These results indicate that administration of aucubin improved nerve regeneration in the rat model of sciatic nerve injury, suggesting that aucubin may be a useful therapeutic compound for the human peripheral nervous system after various nerve injuries.Experimental neurobiology. 09/2014; 23(3):238-45.