Staple vs. subcuticular vicryl skin closure in knee replacement surgery: a spectrophotographic assessment of wound characteristics

The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Brockley Hill, Middlesex HA7 4LP, Stanmore, UK
The Knee (Impact Factor: 1.94). 01/2001; 7(4):239-243. DOI: 10.1016/S0968-0160(00)00055-7
Source: PubMed


Staple closure is a popular method of skin closure for patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. There are no guidelines regarding spacing of staples and some concern exists with regard to wound oxygenation in knees subject to early movement. We compared cutaneous wound characteristics in terms of blood oxygenation and blood content, using two types of skin closure. Staples or 4/0 subcuticular vicryl were used. We found favourable blood perfusion characteristics when using stapled closure. Our results also suggest that optimum wound oxygenation requires staple spacing of 6 mm or more.

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    • "Biologically friendly closure techniques may prevent peri-operative wound problems. Graham et al reported that staple use provided better blood perfusion to the wound site than sutures, which the authors correlated to improved conditions for wound healing[3]. This may explain the potential absence of wound issues in the staple group seen in this study. "
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: Surgical site wound closure plays a vital role in post-operative success. This effect is magnified in regard to commonly performed elective procedures such as total knee arthroplasty. The use of either sutures or staples for skin re-approximation remains a contested subject, which may have a significant impact on both patient safety and surgical outcome. The literature remains divided on this topic. Two cohorts of patients at a level one trauma and regional referral center were reviewed. Cohorts consisted of consecutive total knee arthroplasties performed by two surgeons who achieved surgical wound re-approximation by either staples or absorbable subcuticular sutures. Outcome variables included time of surgery, wound dehiscence, surgical site infection per Center for Disease Control criteria and repeat procedures for debridement and re-closure. 181 patients qualified for study inclusion. Staples were employed in 82 cases (45.3% of total) and sutures in 99 cases (54.7%). The staples group had no complications while the sutures group had 9 (9.1%). These consisted of: 4 infections (2 superficial, one deep, one organ/space); three patients required re-suturing for dehiscence; one allergic type reaction to suture material; and one gout flare resulting in dehiscence. The mean surgical time with sutures was 122.3 minutes (sd = 33.4) and with staples was 114 minutes (sd = 24.4). This study demonstrated significantly fewer complications with staple use than with suture use. While all complications found in this study cannot be directly attributed to skin re-approximation method, the need for further prospective, randomized trials is established.
    Patient Safety in Surgery 10/2011; 5(1):26. DOI:10.1186/1754-9493-5-26
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate wound healing and complications following surgery for fracture neck of femur. Seventy-one patients were prospectively divided into two groups, according to the method of skin closure: group A had clips; group B had subcuticular vicryl® sutures. There were 41 patients in group A, and 30 patients in group B. There were 13 males and 58 females with an average age of 84.3 years (range 67-100 years). Thirty-seven patients underwent fixation with a dynamic hip screw, while 34 had undergone either a hemi or total hip arthroplasty. The wounds were inspected at days 2, 5, 7, 10 and 14 days, for discharge, redness and infection. There was a statistically significantly greater amount of wound discharge (P<0.002) and redness (P<0.009) in group A (clips) as compared to group B (vicryl). There were three cases of infection; all in patients where clips had been used for skin closure. We concluded that subcuticular vicryl sutures were significantly better than clips in terms of wound healing as well as cost. Except for some decrease in operative time there does not seem to be any advantage in the use of clips for wound closure.
    European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 01/2006; 16(2):124-129. DOI:10.1007/s00590-005-0043-2 · 0.18 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 06/2006; 16(2):124-129. · 0.18 Impact Factor
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