Article

Highly specific, membrane-permeant peptide blockers of cGMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha inhibit NO-induced cerebral dilation.

Department of Pharmacology, Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington, VT 05405-0068, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 01/2001; 97(26):14772-7. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.26.14772
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Arrays of octameric peptide libraries on cellulose paper were screened by using (32)P-autophosphorylated cGMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha (cGPK) to identify peptide sequences with high binding affinity for cGPK. Iterative deconvolution of every amino acid position in the peptides identified the sequence LRK(5)H (W45) as having the highest binding affinity. Binding of W45 to cGPK resulted in selective inhibition of the kinase with K(i) values of 0.8 microM and 560 microM for cGPK and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAPK), respectively. Fusion of W45 to membrane translocation signals from HIV-1 tat protein (YGRKKRRQRRRPP-LRK(5)H, DT-2) or Drosophila Antennapedia homeo-domain (RQIKIWFQNRRMKWKK-LRK(5)H, DT-3) proved to be an efficient method for intracellular delivery of these highly charged peptides. Rapid translocation of the peptides into intact cerebral arteries was demonstrated by using fluorescein-labeled DT-2 and DT-3. The inhibitory potency of the fusion peptides was even greater than that for W45, with K(i) values of 12.5 nM and 25 nM for DT-2 and DT-3, respectively. Both peptides were still poor inhibitors of cAPK. Selective inhibition of cGPK by DT-2 or DT-3 in the presence of cAPK was demonstrated in vitro. In pressurized cerebral arteries, DT-2 and DT-3 substantially decreased NO-induced dilation. This study provides functional characterization of a class of selective cGPK inhibitor peptides in vascular smooth muscle and reveals a central role for cGPK in the modulation of vascular contractility.

0 Followers
 · 
51 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peptide microarrays evolved recently as a routine analytical implementation in various research areas due to their unique characteristics. However, the immobilization of peptides with high density in each spot during the fabricating process remains a problem, which will affect the performance of the resultant microarray greatly. To respond to this challenge, a novel peptide immobilization method using symmetrical phage carrier was developed in this work. The cellulytic enzyme endoglucanase I (EG I) was used as a model for selection of its specific peptide ligands from f8/8 landscape library. Three phage monoclones were selected and identified by the specificity array, of which one phage monoclone displaying the fusion peptide EGSDPRMV (phage EGSDPRMV) could bind EG I specifically with highest affinity. Subsequently, the phage EGSDPRMV was used directly to construct peptide microarray. For comparison, major coat protein pVIII fused EG I specific peptide EGSDPRMV (pVIII-fused EGSDPRMV) which was isolated from phage EGSDPRMV was also immobilized by traditional method to fabricate peptide microarray. The fluorescent signal of the phage EGSDPRMV-mediated peptide microarray was more reproducible and about 4 times higher than the value for pVIII-fused EGSDPRMV-based microarray, suggesting the high efficiency of the proposed phage EGSDPRMV-mediated peptide immobilization method. Further, the phage EGSDPRMV based microarray not only simplified the procedure of microarray construction, but also exhibited significantly enhanced sensitivity due to the symmetrical carrier landscape phage, which dramatically increased the density and sterical regularity of immobilized peptides in each spot. Thus, the proposed strategy has the advantages that the immobilizing peptide ligands were not disturbed by their composition, and the immobilized peptides were highly regular with free amino-terminal.
    Analytical Chemistry 05/2014; 86(12). DOI:10.1021/ac501265y · 5.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: cAMP and cGMP signaling is important both for normal and cancer cells. This signaling is controlled by adenylyl and guanylyl cyclases and cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases. One of the direct targets for cGMP is protein kinase G (PKG). The main aim of this work was to investigate cGMP and PKG signaling in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. The PKG activity, cGMP, and calcium level were measured with the CycLex Cyclic GMP dependent protein kinase (cGK) Assay Kit, the DetectX Cyclic GMP Colorimetric EIA Kit, and the Fluo-4 NW Calcium Assay Kit, respectively. The Proteome Profiler Array was done using Human Phospho-Kinase Array and Human Phospho-MAPK Array Kits. This study shows for the first time that functional PKG1 is expressed in PDAC cells. It demonstrates that the specific PKG1 inhibitor, DT3, induces cytotoxicity through necrosis and reduces proliferation and migration of PDAC cells. Moreover, ERK1/2 and p38 can be considered as potential targets for PKG1 in PDAC cells. In addition, the study shows that phosphodiesterases and nitric oxide-guanylyl cyclases regulate the cGMP level in PDAC cells, affecting the proliferation of the cells. The cGMP and PKG signaling may be a target for developing new therapeutic approaches for PDAC.
    Pancreas 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/MPA.0000000000000104 · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • FEMS Microbiology Letters 10/2002; 215(2):267-272. DOI:10.1016/S0378-1097(02)00959-X · 2.72 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from