Age and origin of the FCMD 3'-untranslated-region retrotransposal insertion mutation causing Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy in the Japanese population.
ABSTRACT Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), an autosomal recessive disorder with a high prevalence in the Japanese population, is characterised by severe muscular dystrophy associated with brain malformation (cortical dysgenesis) and mental retardation. In Japan, 87% of FCMD-bearing chromosomes carry a 3-kb retrotransposal insertion of tandemly repeated sequences within the disease gene recently identified on chromosome 9q31, and most of them share a common founder haplotype. FCMD is the first human disease known to be caused primarily by an ancient retrotransposal integration. By applying two methods for the study of linkage disequilibrium between flanking polymorphic markers and the disease locus, and of its decay over time, the age of the insertion mutation causing FCMD in Japanese patients is calculated to be approximately 102 generations (95% confidence interval: 86-117 g), or slightly less. The estimated age dates the most recent common ancestor of the mutation-bearing chromosomes back to the time (or a few centuries before) the Yayoi people started migrating to Japan from the Korean peninsula. This finding makes the molecular population genetics of FCMD understandable in the context of Japan's history and the founder effect consistent with the prevalent theory on the origins of the modern Japanese population.
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ABSTRACT: Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is one of the most common autosomal recessive diseases among the Japanese population, due to a founder mutation of the fukutin gene (FKTN). Mutations in FKTN are now being described in an increasing number of non-Japanese patients. We report a Portuguese child with FCMD. The diagnosis was supported by clinical, histological, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and genetic studies. Genetic analysis of FKTN by Multiplex Ligation Probe Amplification (MLPA) revealed a homozygous duplication from exon 4 to exon 7. This in-frame duplication was confirmed by cDNA analysis. To our knowledge this is the first report of a FCMD case caused by an intragenic gross exonic duplication in the FKTN gene. This report widens the clinical and mutational spectrum in FCMD and corroborates the importance of screening for large deletions and duplications in CMD patients.Neuromuscular Disorders 04/2013; · 3.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Defects in glycosylations of α-dystroglycan are associated with mutations in several genes, including the fukutin gene (FKTN). Hypoglycosylation of α-dystroglycan results in several forms of muscular dystrophy with variable phenotype. Outside Japan, the prevalence of muscular dystrophies related to aberrations of FKTN is rare, with only eight reported cases of limb girdle phenotype (LGMD2M). We describe the mildest affected patient outside Japan with genetically confirmed LGMD2M and onset of symptoms at age 14. She was brought to medical attention at age 12, not because of muscle weakness, but due to episodes of tachycardia caused by Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. On examination, she had rigid spine syndrome, a typical limb girdle dystrophy pattern of muscle weakness, cardiomyopathy, and serum CK levels >2000IU/L (normal <150IU/L). A homozygous, novel c.917A>G; p.Y306C mutation in the FKTN gene was found. The case confirms FKTN mutations as a cause of LGMD2M without mental retardation and expands the phenotypic spectrum for LGMD2M to include cardiomyopathy and rigid spine syndrome in the mildest affected non-Japanese patient reported so far.Neuromuscular Disorders 06/2013; · 3.46 Impact Factor
Article: Antisense Therapy in Neurology[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Antisense therapy is an approach to fighting diseases using short DNA-like molecules called antisense oligonucleotides. Recently, antisense therapy has emerged as an exciting and promising strategy for the treatment of various neurodegenerative and neuromuscular disorders. Previous and ongoing pre-clinical and clinical trials have provided encouraging early results. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), Huntington’s disease (HD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), dysferlinopathy (including limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2B; LGMD2B, Miyoshi myopathy; MM, and distal myopathy with anterior tibial onset; DMAT), and myotonic dystrophy (DM) are all reported to be promising targets for antisense therapy. This paper focuses on the current progress of antisense therapies in neurology.Journal of Personalized Medicine. 08/2013; 3(3):http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4426/3/3/144.