Terminal sialylation is altered in airway cells with impaired CFTR-mediated chloride transport.

Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology (Impact Factor: 4.04). 04/2001; 280(3):L482-92.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Reduced terminal sialylation at the surface of airway epithelial cells from patients with cystic fibrosis may predispose them to bacterial infection. To determine whether a lack of chloride transport or misprocessing of mutant cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is critical for the alterations in glycosylation, we studied a normal human tracheal epithelial cell line (9/HTEo(-)) transfected with the regulatory (R) domain of CFTR, which blocks CFTR-mediated chloride transport; DeltaF508 CFTR, which is misprocessed, wild-type CFTR; or empty vector. Reduced cAMP-stimulated chloride transport is seen in the R domain and DeltaF508 transfectants. These two cell lines had consistent, significantly reduced binding of elderberry bark lectin, which recognizes terminal sialic acid in the alpha-2,6 configuration. Binding of other lectins, including Maakia amurensis lectin, which recognizes sialic acid in the alpha-2,3 configuration, was comparable in all cell lines. Because the cell surface change occurred in R domain-transfected cells, which continue to express wild-type CFTR, it cannot be related entirely to misprocessed or overexpressed CFTR. It is associated most closely with reduced CFTR activity.

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    ABSTRACT: Hamburg, Univ., Diss., 2004. Computerdatei im Fernzugriff.
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    ABSTRACT: Altered terminal glycosylation, with increased fucosylation and decreased sialylation is a hallmark of the cystic fibrosis (CF) glycosylation phenotype. Oligosaccharides purified from the surface membrane glycoconjugates of CF airway epithelial cells have the Lewis x, selectin ligand in terminal positions. This review is focused on the investigations of the glycoconjugates of the CF airway epithelial cell surface. Two of the major bacterial pathogens in CF, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Haemophilus influenzae, have binding proteins which recognize fucose in alpha-1,3 linkage and asialoglycoconjugates. Therefore, consideration has been given to the possibility that the altered terminal glycosylation of airway epithelial glycoproteins in CF contributes to both the chronic infection and the robust, but ineffective, inflammatory response in the CF lung. Since the glycosylation phenotype of CF airway epithelial cells have been modulated by the expression of wtCFTR, the hypotheses which have been proposed to relate altered function of CFTR to the regulation of the glycosyltransferases are discussed. Understanding the effects of mutant CFTR on glycosylation may provide further insight into the regulation of glycoconjugate processing as well as new approaches to the therapy of CF.
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    ABSTRACT: Structural differences have been reported in the glycosylation patterns of cystic fibrosis glycoproteins. Although the gene mutated in cystic fibrosis (CFTR) has been cloned and characterized as a chloride channel, its relationship to the highly viscous mucus and structural glycoprotein and mucin abnormalities in cystic fibrosis still remains to be defined. We have evaluated O-glycan biosynthesis in CHO and BHK cells that express CFTR and DeltaF508 CFTR as in vitro models, and utilized the cftr knockout mouse as an in vivo model of CFTR dysfunction. Activities of glycosyltransferases and sulfotransferases synthesizing mucin type O-glycan chains were determined in these models. Differences in transferase activity levels were found between tissues and cell types and during mouse development. No specific patterns of activities were associated with the lack of CFTR or with DeltaF508CFTR expression. This suggests that it is not the presence or absence of normal CFTR, or the presence of mutant CFTR alone, but rather cell specific additional factors or pathophysiological consequences that determine the changes in mucin glycosylation in cystic fibrosis.
    Glycoconjugate Journal 10/2001; 18(9):685-97. DOI:10.1023/A:1020819305931 · 1.95 Impact Factor