Accuracy and significance of prenatal diagnosis of single umbilical artery.

Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Impact Factor: 3.56). 01/2001; 16(7):667. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.2000.00303.x
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the possible association between single umbilical artery (SUA) at 11-14 weeks of gestation and the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities. Color flow imaging of the fetal pelvis was used to determine the number of umbilical arteries in 717 fetuses immediately before chorionic villus sampling for karyotyping at 11-14 weeks' gestation. Single umbilical artery (SUA) was diagnosed in 21/634 (3.3%) chromosomally normal fetuses, in 5/44 (11.4%) with trisomy 21, 14/18 (77.8%) with trisomy 18 and 2/21 (9.5%) with other chromosomal defects. In the chromosomally normal group there was no significant difference in median fetal crown-rump length or nuchal translucency (NT) between those with a single and those with two umbilical arteries. In the 42 fetuses with SUA the expected number of cases of trisomy 21, estimated on the basis of maternal age, gestational age and fetal NT, was 4.7, which was not significantly different from the observed 5. The corresponding numbers for trisomy 18 were 2.0 for expected and 14 for observed (Fisher's exact test P = 0.0016). A SUA at 11-14 weeks' gestation has a high association with trisomy 18 and other chromosomal defects.
    Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 01/2004; 22(6):567-70. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction:The presence of a single umbilical artery (SUA) is recognised as a soft marker for congenital anomalies, aneuploidy, earlier delivery and intra-uterine growth restriction and/or low birth weight. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of SUA in a selected population. And secondly, to examine the clinical significance of this soft marker.
    Nascer e Crescer 09/2013; 22(3):140-144.
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    ABSTRACT: Single umbilical artery (SUA) is a relatively common malformation that may call attention to the possibility of associated malformations (often chromosome aberrations). The current study aimed at surveying malformations associated with SUA on the basis of fetopathological investigations, analyzing the role of history, summarizing the clinically important factors emerging together with this malformation. In this study, we processed the details of 204 cases in which SUA was confirmed fetopathologically after miscarriage or induced abortion between 1990 and 2007. In our sample, SUA occurred in 7.38% of the cases. The history was positive in almost 30% of the cases. The majority of the cases had a positive obstetric and the minority of them a positive genetic history. The highest association of SUA with other malformations was found for craniospinal ones, but an association with cardiovascular malformations should also be mentioned. Regarding the individual types of malformation, SUA was most commonly associated with hydrocephalus, but Potter's sequence, trisomy 21, and atrioventricular septal defect also reached a higher rate in associated SUA. Previously published articles dealing with associated malformations found that urogenital malformations were most commonly associated with SUA. 'Itemizing' the different non-chromosomal malformations in association with SUA, we found that hydrocephalus, Potter's sequence, and atrioventricular septal defect were the most frequent malformations, while in earlier studies, the association with non-chromosomal malformations such as vertebral malformations, imperforated anus, cheilognathopalatoschisis, and renal agenesis occurred more frequently than usual.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 08/2008; 204(11):831-6. · 1.21 Impact Factor

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