Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review.

Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Queensland.
Australian health review: a publication of the Australian Hospital Association (Impact Factor: 1). 02/2000; 23(3):201-8. DOI: 10.1071/AH000201
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Effective healthcare teams often elude consistent definition because of the complexity of teamwork. Systems theory offers a dynamic view of teamwork, in which input conditions are transformed via optimum throughput processes into maximal output. This article describes eighteen characteristics of effective teams across input conditions and teamwork processes, which have been identified from the literature.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective This research sought to gain insight into the processes used by clinicians to discuss a schizophrenia diagnosis with patients/families, with the aim of informing the development of a communications skills training program. Methods A generic qualitative methodological approach was used. Sixteen mental health clinicians were recruited. Semi-structured individual interviews were used to explore their perceptions and experiences communicating a schizophrenia diagnosis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and thematic analysis undertaken. Results There were five key themes relating to the process of communication about a diagnosis of schizophrenia: (1) orientation to patient care, (2) planning of communication, (3) the impact of team leadership and inter/intra-professional functioning on communication tasks, (4) the roles of different clinicians in communicating about diagnosis and treatment, and (5) time and resource deficiencies. Despite expressing care and concern for vulnerable patients and embracing the concept of multidisciplinary teams, communicating diagnostic information to patients and families was generally unplanned for, with little consistency regarding leadership approaches, or how the team communicated diagnostic information to the patient and family. This contributed to tensions between different team members. Conclusion The findings demonstrated a number of issues compromising good communication around a schizophrenia diagnosis, both in terms of clinician skill and clinical context, and support the importance of education and training for all members of the multidisciplinary team about their role in the communication process.
    Academic Psychiatry 11/2014; 39(2). DOI:10.1007/s40596-014-0226-4 · 0.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: _________________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT— The aim of this study is to examine the effects of teamwork and organizational commitment on organizational performance in the health sector. This study sought to investigate specifically, the mechanism through which teamwork and organizational commitment influence employee's performance to their job schedules as well as to the organization. In the context of the study, the introduced model was tested by a questionnaire instrument with 27 items excluding the demographic variables. The study focused on the employees of public and private hospitals in Diyarbakir. The results suggest that there is a positive linear relationship between team work, organizational commitment and organizational performance variables. The findings of the study demonstrate that the employees of private hospitals have higher teamwork, organizational commitment and performance scores than public hospital employees. Also, some disparities were observed according to the demographic variables of the study.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Closer collaboration between primary care and community health services is a clear objective of the most recent NHS reforms. Currently, there is much emphasis on integrating healthcare services and in particular, moving care closer to home and out of the acute care setting by utilising Community Services and Primary Care. This report summarises the findings of a rapid review undertaken by PRUComm of the available evidence of what factors should be taken into account in planning for the closer working of primary and community health/care services in order to increase the scope of services provided outside of hospitals.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 27, 2014