Effect of irrigation of the nose with isotonic salt solution on adult patients with chronic paranasal sinus disease.

Otorhinolaryngological Clinic, Cologne University, Germany.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde (Impact Factor: 1.61). 01/2001; 257(10):537-41. DOI: 10.1007/s004050000271
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial we compared the effectiveness of endonasal irrigations with Ems salt solution to that with sodium chloride solution in the treatment of adult patients with chronic paranasal sinus disease. Subjects (n = 40) were randomly allocated to treatment either with isotonic Ems salt solution or with isotonic sodium chloride solution. The treatment consisted of endonasal irrigation twice daily and additional nasal spray as required. Nasal endoscopy, plain radiography of the paranasal sinuses, olfactometry, anterior rhinomanometry, and a saccharin-clearance test were carried out on days 1 and 7. Patients recorded rating scales of general discomfort, nasal airway obstruction, agreeableness of the irrigation, duration of improved nasal resistance after each irrigation, and the amount of additional nasal spray in a diary. Nasal air flow was not improved significantly. Subjective complaints, endonasal endoscopy, and radiography results revealed a significant improvement in both groups (P = 0.0001). In comparison, the two groups were not significantly different in outcome. Endonasal irrigations with salt solutions are effective in the treatment of chronic sinusitis, and a significant difference between Ems salt and sodium chloride was not observed.

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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionChronic rhinosinusitis is very common in patients with cystic fibrosis. This can be explained by the unified airway concept, where the same pathophysiological phenomenon that affects the lungs, affects the paranasal sinuses. The management of these cases is difficult.Objective To describe the teamwork of otolaryngologists and bronchopulmonary specialists in patients with cystic fibrosis.Method We performed a descriptive, retrospective study over the last 17 years, which included 14 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and cystic fibrosis attended at a private hospital.ResultsOf the patients, 64% were male and the median age was 23 years. The most frequent mutations found were ΔF508, M470 and R553. All of the patients with ΔF508 mutation had nasal polyps. 100% of the patients had clinical findings of chronic rhinosinusitis. All the patients had had endoscopic nasal surgery. The median number of endoscopic surgeries was 2.Conclusions Given the high prevalence of chronic rhinosinusitis in patients with cystic fibrosis, everyone should have a computed tomography scan of the paranasal sinuses during the initial assessment, considering that sinus germs are the ones that colonise the lower airway. The otolaryngologist should be part of the cystic fibrosis team. Before receiving a lung transplant or in cases of chronic headache, endoscopic surgery should be performed in patients in whom medical treatment fails to clear the sinuses because this infection is the one that colonises the lower airway.
    Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española 07/2012; 63(4):286–291.
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    ABSTRACT: A irrrigação intranasal tem grande importância como terapia adjuvante de doenças nasossinusais. Entretanto, faltam estudos que avaliem as alterações histológicas que as diferentes soluções utilizadas podem causar na mucosa do nariz. OBJETIVO: Analisar os aspectos histológicos da mucosa nasal de ratos após irrigação local com diferentes soluções hidroeletrolíticas. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Experimental. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 120 ratos Wistar foram divididos igualmente em 4 grupos. O grupo número 1 recebeu solução salina a 0,9%. Os grupos 2 e 3 receberam soluções contendo Cloreto de Sódio associado a Cloreto de Potássio e Glicose, em diferentes concentrações. O grupo 4 foi o grupo controle. Duas vezes ao dia, 0,1ml (2 gotas) das soluções foram aplicados na narina esquerda dos ratos, através de uma seringa. Metade dos animais de cada grupo foi sacrificado após a primeira semana e a metade restante após a quarta semana de tratamento. Os fragmentos de mucosa obtidos foram processados e estudados em microscopia óptica, utilizando a hematoxilina e eosina. RESULTADOS: Pôde-se observar que a infiltração de células inflamatórias foi estatisticamente mais intensa no grupo 2, em 1 e 4 semanas de administração das soluções (p<0,05), quando comparada ao grupo controle. A formação de glândulas intraepiteliais foi estatisticamente mais evidente no grupo 1, quando comparada aos grupos 3 e 4 (p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A solução salina hipertônica testada causou a menor reação tecidual na mucosa nasal de ratos quando comparada ao grupo controle. Não foram encontradas vantagens na utilização da solução salina a 0,9% em comparação com o uso das demais soluções em estudo.
    Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia 08/2003; 69(4):491-495.
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