Louis H. Bauer, M.D., and the first civil U.S. aeromedical standards: his continuing legacy.
ABSTRACT Louis Hopewell Bauer, M.D. (1888-1964) promulgated the first civil aviation medicine regulations for U.S. civil airmen on December 31, 1926. Major elements of these regulations are reflected in the current Federal Aviation Administration Civil Airman Medical Standards, these latter including modifications resulting from medical and aeronautical technical advances. Dr. Bauer's plans covering periodic examinations, waivers, and a system implemented through designated "Aviation Medical Examiners" are continued to this day. Dr. Bauer founded the progenitor of the present Aerospace Medical Association in 1929, the Aero Medical Association. Further, he founded the Journal of Aviation Medicine, the predecessor of the present Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine journal, the first issue published in March, 1930. Dr. Bauer's influence in medicine broadened to include the presidency of the American Medical Association (1952-3) and a long standing leadership role with the World Medical Association. His 1926 textbook, Aviation Medicine, stands as an historic centerpiece in the evolution of aviation medicine. Bauer's leadership and contributions to civil aviation medicine came at the right time to enhance the development of U.S. civil aviation and civil aviation safety.