Enhanced detection of mutations in BRCA1 exon 11 using restriction endonuclease fingerprinting-single-strand conformation polymorphism.

Center for Molecular Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
Journal of Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.74). 02/2000; 78(10):580-7. DOI: 10.1007/s001090000147
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel approach to mutation screening in the large exon 11 (comprising 3427 bp) of the human BRCA1 gene is presented. Restriction endonuclease fingerprinting single-strand conformation polymorphism (REF-SSCP) is based on repeated detection of DNA sequence variants in different restriction endonuclease fragments, and we evaluated the method using blood samples from 25 Norwegian patients with hereditary breast/ovarian cancer. We compared REF-SSCP to constant denaturant gel electrophoresis (CDGE) and to the protein truncation test (PTT). REF-SSCP detected 12 different DNA variants. Four of these were not detected by CDGE, and only one variant detected by CDGE was missed by REF-SSCP. PTT detected 4 of these 13 variants. REF-SSCP was subsequently applied to a second patient series (Swedish, n=20). A total of 14 different DNA variants were detected by REF-SSCP, 6 of which were truncating mutations (PTT detected only 4). Nonsense and frameshift mutations that are putative breast/ovarian cancer mutations, were detected in 7 of the 25 Norwegian and 9 of the 20 Swedish patients.

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