Enhanced detection of mutations in BRCA1 exon 11 using restriction endonuclease fingerprinting-single-strand conformation polymorphism

Center for Molecular Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
Journal of Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.11). 02/2000; 78(10):580-7. DOI: 10.1007/s001090000147
Source: PubMed


A novel approach to mutation screening in the large exon 11 (comprising 3427 bp) of the human BRCA1 gene is presented. Restriction endonuclease fingerprinting single-strand conformation polymorphism (REF-SSCP) is based on repeated detection of DNA sequence variants in different restriction endonuclease fragments, and we evaluated the method using blood samples from 25 Norwegian patients with hereditary breast/ovarian cancer. We compared REF-SSCP to constant denaturant gel electrophoresis (CDGE) and to the protein truncation test (PTT). REF-SSCP detected 12 different DNA variants. Four of these were not detected by CDGE, and only one variant detected by CDGE was missed by REF-SSCP. PTT detected 4 of these 13 variants. REF-SSCP was subsequently applied to a second patient series (Swedish, n=20). A total of 14 different DNA variants were detected by REF-SSCP, 6 of which were truncating mutations (PTT detected only 4). Nonsense and frameshift mutations that are putative breast/ovarian cancer mutations, were detected in 7 of the 25 Norwegian and 9 of the 20 Swedish patients.

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Available from: Petter Frost, Oct 08, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Efficient mutation scanning techniques are needed for the rapid detection of novel disease-associated mutations and rare-sequence variants of putative importance. The large size of the breast cancer 1 gene (BRCA1) and the many mutations found throughout its entire coding sequence make screening for mutations in this gene particularly challenging. We have developed a method for screening exon 11 of the BRCA1 gene based on restriction enzyme digestion of fluorescence-labeled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products followed by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) using an automated capillary electrophoresis system, denoted capillary restriction endonuclease fingerprinting (REF)-SSCP electrophoresis. Using this strategy on a control set of samples, we were able to detect 17 of 18 known sequence alterations. The method was then applied to screen 73 Norwegian females with family histories of breast and/or ovarian cancer. A total of 172 sequence alterations were detected, including substitutions, insertions, and deletions. One novel substitution of unknown function was identified. Sequencing of all samples negative in the capillary REF-SSCP system gave no additional mutations confirming the high sensitivity of the described methodology. Capillary REF-SSCP electrophoresis appeared as a technically convenient technique, requiring amplification of fewer PCR fragments than traditional SSCP. The novel strategy allows high-throughput mutation scanning without radioactive labeling and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE).
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