Hepatic Sarcoidosis with Vanishing Bile Duct Syndrome, Cirrhosis, and Portal Phlebosclerosis

Second Department of Pathology, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Japan.
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 3.5). 03/2001; 32(2):181-4. DOI: 10.1097/00004836-200102000-00021
Source: PubMed


A few cases of sarcoidosis are associated with progressive liver disease, with a wide variety of clinicopathologic features. Herein, we report an autopsy case (65-year-old man). During an examination for liver dysfunction, cirrhosis with cholestatic dysfunction and splenomegaly were found. Needle liver biopsy revealed cirrhosis with lymphocytic piecemeal necrosis, dense septal fibrosis, and ductopenia. In addition, noncaseating epithelioid granuloma was also seen in the periportal region. Ductal enzymes and immunoglobulin M (IgM) levels were elevated, although antimitochondrial antibodies were negative. Instead, angiotensin-converting enzyme was elevated. He died of pulmonary failure and lung cancer. The autopsy liver (1,220 g) showed multinodular cirrhosis with broad and dense septa that divided the parenchyma. Mild lymphoid cell infiltration was seen in the periportal region. About a half of the interlobular bile ducts were lost, and the remaining bile ducts showed prominent periductal fibrosis, resembling sclerosing cholangitis. Interestingly, a few interlobular bile ducts showed chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis with epithelioid granulomas. Intrahepatic portal veins showed luminal narrowing with prominent phlebosclerosis. Hepatobiliary pathologies that resemble primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis and that are followed by vanishing bile duct syndrome, chronic active hepatitis-related cirrhosis, and intrahepatic portal venous phlebosclerosis occur in a single case of sarcoidosis.

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