Hepatic sarcoidosis with vanishing bile duct syndrome, cirrhosis, and portal phlebosclerosis. Report of an autopsy case.
ABSTRACT A few cases of sarcoidosis are associated with progressive liver disease, with a wide variety of clinicopathologic features. Herein, we report an autopsy case (65-year-old man). During an examination for liver dysfunction, cirrhosis with cholestatic dysfunction and splenomegaly were found. Needle liver biopsy revealed cirrhosis with lymphocytic piecemeal necrosis, dense septal fibrosis, and ductopenia. In addition, noncaseating epithelioid granuloma was also seen in the periportal region. Ductal enzymes and immunoglobulin M (IgM) levels were elevated, although antimitochondrial antibodies were negative. Instead, angiotensin-converting enzyme was elevated. He died of pulmonary failure and lung cancer. The autopsy liver (1,220 g) showed multinodular cirrhosis with broad and dense septa that divided the parenchyma. Mild lymphoid cell infiltration was seen in the periportal region. About a half of the interlobular bile ducts were lost, and the remaining bile ducts showed prominent periductal fibrosis, resembling sclerosing cholangitis. Interestingly, a few interlobular bile ducts showed chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis with epithelioid granulomas. Intrahepatic portal veins showed luminal narrowing with prominent phlebosclerosis. Hepatobiliary pathologies that resemble primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis and that are followed by vanishing bile duct syndrome, chronic active hepatitis-related cirrhosis, and intrahepatic portal venous phlebosclerosis occur in a single case of sarcoidosis.
Article: Systemic Causes of Cholestasis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Systemic causes of cholestasis constitute a diverse group of diseases across organ systems. The pathophysiology of cholestasis in systemic disease can be a consequence of direct involvement of a disease process within the liver or extrahepatic biliary system or secondary to immune-mediated changes in bile flow. Evaluating a patient with cholestasis for a systemic cause requires an understanding of the patient's risk factors, clinical setting (eg, hospitalized or immunosuppressed patient), clinical features, and pattern of laboratory abnormalities.Clinics in liver disease 05/2013; 17(2):301-17. DOI:10.1016/j.cld.2012.11.001 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We previously reported that the strain difference in the development of porcine-serum (PS)-induced rat hepatic fibrosis was closely related to the difference in the mode of MHC class-II-related genes expression. This study was carried out to clarify the serological and immunohistochemical changes in this hepatic fibrosis model. Six-week-old male Brown Norway (BN) and Wistar rats were injected with 0.5 ml of sterile PS twice a week for up to 8 weeks. The serum levels of PS-specific IgG1, IgG2a, and IgM were elevated more prominently in BN rats than Wistar rats. In the liver, significant increases in the numbers of PS-, OX-6 (RT1.B)-, CD4-, CD8, ED1-, and ED2-positive cells occurred earlier in BN rats than Wistar rats. At 8 weeks, deposition of PS and immunoglobulins was observed in hepatic fibrous septa and renal glomerular mesangium, and IgG1- and IgG2a-positive cells were found in the white pulp of the spleen. The present results suggest that humoral immunity probably regulated by MHC class II molecules and inflammatory cells may be involved in PS-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.Experimental and Molecular Pathology 01/2006; 79(3):229-35. DOI:10.1016/j.yexmp.2005.08.007 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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