Article

Alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

Kardiologische Klinik, Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW, Universitätsklinik der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Georgstr. 11, 32545 Bad Oeynhausen, Germany.
Cardiology in Review (Impact Factor: 3.08). 01/1999; 7(6):316-23. DOI: 10.1097/00045415-199911000-00009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Until the early 1990s, surgical myectomy was the standard treatment for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and drug refractory symptoms. In the past few years, the potential therapeutic options have dramatically changed with the introduction of DDD-pacemaker implantation and percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation by alcohol-induced septal branch occlusion. The circumscribed therapeutic myocardial infarction results in widening of the left ventricular outflow tract with consecutive gradient reduction. Follow-up studies show impressive clinical improvement, as well as further gradient reduction as a result of left ventricular remodeling. In this article, we provide an updated review of the latest results of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation.

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a novel multifunctional intracardiac echocardiography catheter for target septal ablation with transendocardial ethanol injection in canines. Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation has been the primary catheter-based strategy for the treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). However, inherent limitations of the technique have reduced its therapeutic efficacy. A new catheter (10 F), integrated with a nitinol needle (29 G) and a 6.5-10-MHz, 32-element, side-fire ultrasound imaging transducer, was delivered into the right ventricle in nine canines and the left ventricle in three canines. A 0.3-ml microbubble and 0.5-1.5 ml absolute ethanol were sequentially injected into the interventricular septum. Electrocardiograph recordings were obtained during the whole procedure. Three hours after this operation, the heart was harvested for gross and histological examination. In all canines, the catheter provided the structural support and helped guide proper needle position within the septum. The microbubble further allowed the confirmation of the needle location through focal echo-density enhancement. Different amounts of ethanol infusion produced a dose-related effect on myocardial ablation. Macroscopic examination showed that the target myocardium became pale with a distinct border between lesions and normal tissue. Hematoxylin and eosin staining further confirmed necrosis within the injection region. Transendocardial ethanol injection at the interventricular septum resulted in controlled myocardial infarction. In addition, the injection depth could be visually followed using this new system, which may provide a safer and more intuitive method for the treatment of HOCM or other cardiomyopathies.
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