Article

National nutritional anaemia control programme in India.

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.
Indian journal of public health 43(1):3-5, 16.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The average rural Indian women enter her reproductive life, particularly in pregnancy, suffer from nutritional anemia due to iron deficiency. National program of India had implemented a strategy for supplementation of iron folic acid by means of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets at least 3 months during antenatal period. The study had been conducted to assess the proportion of pregnant mothers consumes the IFA tablets and the factors determine compliance. A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted in rural area of India on 50 antenatal mothers by multistage sampling technique. The data were analyzed by using SPSS 16 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, ver. 16), Chicago, considering the level of significance at 95%. The IFA tablet was adequately consumed by 62% mother among the study population. The consumption is more among the mother who were explained properly than those who were not explained by the health worker (χ(2)= 4.529, P < 0.05). The compliance of iron folic acid tablets was still far behind to reach the National Goal though the service component are quite strong by the front line workers and health providers. An effort should be given at the level of front line health workers by training and re-training them to improve the compliance of IFA consumption.
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    ABSTRACT: Anemia is an important health concern worldwide, particularly in poor populations such as in India. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of anemia and iron status. One thousand children ages 6 to 30 mo were included in a study undertaken in low- to middle-income neighborhoods in New Delhi, India. Children of Tigri and Dakshinpuri were identified through a community survey. Plasma concentrations of hemoglobin (Hb), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), folate, vitamin B12, and total homocysteine (tHcy) were measured. Predictors for plasma Hb concentration were identified in multiple linear regression models and considered significant if P-value <0.05. The prevalence of anemia (Hb concentration <11 g/dL) was 69.6% (n = 696) whereas the prevalence of iron deficiency (elevated sTfR i.e., >4.7 nmol/L) was 31% (n = 309). The main predictors for Hb concentration were plasma concentrations of sTfR (standardized beta coefficient [β], -0.49; P < 0.001), folate (β, 0.15; P < 0.001), vitamin B12 (β, 0.10; P < 0.001), tHcy (β, -0.11; P < 0.001) among the biomarkers. Length-for-age Z score (β, 0.08; P = 0.002) and family income (β, 0.06; P = 0.027) also predicted Hb concentration. Anemia was common in this population. Iron, folate, and vitamin B12 status were important predictors for plasma Hb concentration. Improving the status of these nutrients might reduce the burden of childhood anemia in India.
    Nutrition 10/2013; 30(5). DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2013.09.015 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Purpose of the Study In India oral iron tablets for anaemia have been distributed through the health system since many years, but there has been no significant change in the burden of anaemia. The objective of the present study was to capture the existing practices on the use of intravenous iron sucrose (an alternative treatment for anaemia) in the public health system in two states of India (Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh). Methods An observational study in the form of a registry was maintained for 3 months at purposively chosen public health facilities in the above-mentioned states of India. Anaemic pregnant women (n = 764) who were given intravenous iron sucrose during the antenatal or post-partum period were included in the registry. Information was collected on severity of anaemia at which intravenous iron sucrose therapy was initiated, the dose and schedule given and any adverse events noted during and immediate post-infusion period. Results 99 % of the infusions were given as slow infusion over a mean duration of 30 min, diluted with 0.9 % sodium chloride. The mean haemoglobin level at the time of start of intravenous therapy was 8.3 gm/dl. In Uttar Pradesh, 46 % of women received only one dose of iron sucrose in contrast with 15 % in Tamil Nadu. Conclusions Although intravenous iron sucrose is commonly used in pregnant anaemic women, standard protocols and guidelines for its usage are lacking. These need to be formulated before scaling it up across public health facilities in India.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13224-014-0588-2