Risk factors for proximal humerus, forearm, and wrist fractures in elderly men and women: the Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study.
ABSTRACT Fractures of the proximal humerus, forearm, and wrist account for approximately one third of total osteoporotic fractures in the elderly. Several risk factors for these fractures were evaluated in this prospective study of 739 men and 1,105 women aged > or =60 years in Dubbo, Australia. During follow-up (1989-1996), the respective incidences of humerus and of forearm and wrist fractures, per 10,000 person-years, were 22.6 and 33.8 for men and 54.8 and 124.6 for women. Independent predictors of humerus fracture were femoral neck bone mineral density (FNBMD) (relative risk (RR) = 2.3, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2, 4.5) in men and FNBMD (RR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.7, 3.5) and height loss (RR = 1.1, 95% CI: 1.0, 1.2) in women. For forearm and wrist fractures, risk factors were FNBMD (men: RR = 1.5, 95% CI: 1.0, 2.3; women: RR = 1.5, 95% CI: 1.2, 1.9) and height loss (men: RR = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0, 1.3; women: RR = 1.1, 95% CI: 1.0, 1.2). In addition, dietary calcium (men: RR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.0, 3.6) and a history of falls (women: RR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.4, 2.6) were also significant. These data suggest that elderly men and women largely share common risk factors for upper limb fractures and that FNBMD is the primary risk factor.
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ABSTRACT: Basic epidemiological data can provide estimates when discussing disease burden and in the planning and provision of healthcare strategies. There is little quantitative information in the literature regarding prevalence of traumatic injuries from developing countries. The aim of the current preliminary study was to reveal the prevalence and age and gender distribution of various traumatic injuries in a tertiary referral orthopedic hospital in Iran. In a prospective descriptive study, all traumatic injured patients attending the Orthopedic Trauma Unit of our center in a five year period were included. Demographic details, the cause of injury, injury classification and treatment were recorded. For each of the five-year age groups and each gender we calculated the numbers with fractures, dislocations, soft tissue injuries, ligamentous injuries and lacerations and derived average age and gender-specific prevalence as well as seasonal variations. A total of 18890 adults were admitted, 13870 (73.4%) males and 5020 (26.6%) females. There were 8204 (43.4%) fractures. The male fracture age distribution curve was unimodal and there was a detectable bimodal pattern in females. Under 65 years males are 3 times more likely to sustain a fracture than females which decreases to equal risk over the age of 65. The most common fracture site was distal radius/ulna (13.8%), followed by tibial diaphysis (8.8%), proximal femur (7.8%), finger phalanges (6.4%), metacarpals (6%) and metatarsals (5.9%). There were seasonal variations in fracture incidence with peaks in February, March and October. The least number of fractures occurred in June. The risk of traumatic injuries is higher among specific age groups with different patterns emerging for men and women. Thus, the descriptive epidemiology will provide useful information for treatment or injury prevention strategies, resource allocation, and training priorities.03/2015; 6(1):e23129. DOI:10.5812/asjsm.23129
Current Orthopaedic Practice 01/2015; 26(2):169-180. DOI:10.1097/BCO.0000000000000211
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ABSTRACT: Fragility fractures of the proximal humerus and distal radius can have a significant impact on the elderly population, both economically and physically. Limited data are available to demonstrate the functional and economic impact of upper extremity fragility fractures. To investigate the economic and social impact that proximal humerus fragility fractures may have on an older population. A retrospective chart review for patients ≥50 years old treated as an inpatient at a local hospital between 2006 and 2012 for a proximal humerus or a distal radius fracture was done. Patients were divided into two groups to show age impact; Group 1 = 50-79 years old and Group 2 = 80 years and older. Eighty-six charts were reviewed, 38 for Group 1 and 48 for Group 2. Demographic, admission, inpatient, and discharge data were compared between groups. A third of patients in each group had a previous fragility fracture. Inpatient length of stay was comparable between groups. Surgical treatment was used at a higher rate in the younger cohort (p = 0.06). Approximate average hospital charges for an inpatient surgical treatment were about twice those of the non-surgically treated patients. Our results illustrate the significant burden of upper extremity fractures in terms of loss of independence, inpatient hospitalizations and prolonged nursing home or rehabilitation needs, which account for considerable health care costs. Fractures of the humerus, forearm and wrist account for one-third of the total incidence of fractures and can be a significant burden to individuals and the community.Aging - Clinical and Experimental Research 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s40520-014-0295-y · 1.01 Impact Factor