[Evaluation of the effectiveness of drainage of the abdominal cavity].
ABSTRACT In order to generalize the indications for drainage of the abdominal cavity the authors have systematized and subdivided them into one-type groups depending on the aims, (medical, prophylactic) and tasks, which on their opinion can allow the surgeons to better realize the reasons of using this method of treatment and to critically assess it. An analysis of clinical material was made in order to find out the frequency and localization of intraabdominal abscesses and to assess the measures taken for their prevention. It was found that in spite of the abdominal cavity drainage after 1568 operations on emergency indications, abscesses developed in 43 patients. An analysis of the investigation has shown that the causes, frequency and localization of postoperative abscesses are not predictable, prophylactic measures have low efficiency due to using passive glove-tube drainage and to too frequent using this not safe method without special need.