Increased plasma levels of soluble selectins in patients with unstable angina.
ABSTRACT Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of unstable angina. Adhesion molecules, such as selectins, mediate the interactions between leukocytes, platelets and endothelial cells during inflammation and thrombogenesis.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether soluble E-selectin, P-selectin and L-selectin levels are increased in patients with unstable angina (UA).
Soluble E-, P- and L-selectin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay in the peripheral blood of 23 patients with UA, 26 patients with stable angina (SA) and 15 control patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries.
Soluble E-selectin levels were significantly higher in patients with UA (45+/-11 ng/ml) than in controls (30+/-8 ng/ml, P<0.001), or patients with SA (34+/-8 ng/ml, P=0.001). Similarly, plasma levels of P- and L-selectin were significantly higher in patients with UA (427+/-144 and 772+/-160 ng/ml, respectively) than in patients with SA (278+/-79 and 643+/-94 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.005 vs. UA for both), or control patients (189+/-43 and 601+/-126 ng/ml, respectively, P=0.001 vs. UA for both).
Plasma levels of soluble selectins were increased in patients with UA compared with patients with SA or patients without angiographically visible coronary artery disease. Measurements of these adhesion molecules may be helpful as non-invasive markers of coronary plaque destabilization in UA.
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ABSTRACT: Studies have demonstrated that inflammation has a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis due to the abnormal gene expressions of multiple cytokines. We established an accurate and precise method to observe gene expression in whole blood that might provide specific diagnostic information for coronary artery disease (CAD) and other related diseases. The fifteen selected CAD-related genes (IL1B, IL6, IL8, IFNG, MCP-1, VWF, MTHFR, SELL, TNFalpha, ubiquitin, MCSF, ICAM1, ID2, HMOX1 and LDLR) and two housekeeping genes (ACTB and GK) as internal references have been measured simultaneously with a newly developed multiplex polymerase chain reaction (multi-PCR) method. Moreover, the precision was evaluated, and a procedure for distinguishing patients from the normal population has been developed based upon analyses of peripheral blood. A total of 148 subjects were divided into group A (control group without plaques), group B (calcified plaques) and group C (non-calcified plaques, and combination group) according dual-source CT criteria. Gene expression in blood was analyzed by multi-PCR, and levels of glucose and lipids measured in 50 subjects to explore the relationship among them. The precision results of the multi-PCR system revealed within-run and between-run CV values of 3.695-12.537% and 4.405-13.405%, respectively. The profiles of cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood were set: a positive correlation between glucose and MCSF, HMOX1 or TNFalpha were found. We also found that triglyceride levels were negatively correlated with SELL gene expression in 50 subjects. Compared with controls, gene expression levels of IL1B, IL6, IL8 and MCP-1 increased significantly in group C. A new multiple gene expression analysis system has been developed. The primary data suggested that gene expression was related to CAD. This system might be used for risk assessment of CVDs and other related diseases.BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 07/2012; 12:51. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: L-selectin belongs to selectin family of adhesion molecule and participates in the generation and development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the P213S polymorphism of L-selectin gene and T2D and insulin resistance in the Chinese population. We genotyped P213S polymorphism in 801 patients with T2D and 834 healthy controls in the Chinese population using polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) technique. Plasma glucose, insulin, lipid, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and uric acid levels were measured by biochemical technique. The frequency of 213PP genotype and P allele of the L-selectin gene in patients with T2D was significantly higher than that in controls (P=0.007; P=0.019, respectively). The relative risk of allele P suffered from T2D was 1.191 times higher than that of allele S. Moreover, the levels of FPG and HOMA-IR of PP and PS genotype carriers were significantly higher than those of SS genotype carriers in the T2D group (P<0.05). These findings indicated that the P213S polymorphism of L-selectin gene may contribute to susceptibility to T2D and insulin resistance in the Chinese population, and P allele appears to be a risk factor for T2D.Gene 08/2012; 509(2):286-90. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: L-selectin has been suggested to play a role in atherosclerosis. Previous studies on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and serum or plasma L-selectin are inconsistent. The association of serum L-selectin (sL-selectin) with carotid intima-media thickness, coronary artery calcium, ankle-brachial index (subclinical CVD) and incident CVD was assessed within 2403 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Regression analysis and the Tobit model were used to study subclinical disease; Cox Proportional Hazards regression for incident CVD. Mean age was 63 ± 10, 47% were males; mean sL-selectin was significantly different across ethnicities. Within each race/ethnicity, sL-selectin was associated with age and sex; among Caucasians and African Americans, it was associated with smoking status and current alcohol use. sL-selectin levels did not predict subclinical or clinical CVD after correction for multiple comparisons. Conditional logistic regression models were used to study plasma L-selectin and CVD within 154 incident CVD cases, occurred in a median follow up of 8.5 years, and 306 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched controls. L-selectin levels in plasma were significantly lower than in serum and the overall concordance was low. Plasma levels were not associated with CVD. In conclusion, this large multi-ethnic population, soluble L-selectin levels did not predict clinical or subclinical CVD.Translational Research. 01/2014;