Article

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha promoter polymorphism TNF2 is associated with a stronger delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction in the skin of borderline tuberculoid leprosy patients.

Tropical Medicine Department, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Immunogenetics (Impact Factor: 2.49). 03/2001; 53(1):45-7.
Source: PubMed
0 Bookmarks
 · 
53 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several host and environmental factors contribute to tuberculosis outcome, interestingly single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes have been evaluated in populations with different ethnicities and TB infection. In the present study we focused on SNPs in cytokine and inflammatory mediator genes: tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -308G>A (rs1800629), interleukin-10 (IL10) -819C>T (rs1800871), interferon-gamma (IFNG) +874T>A (rs2430561), and leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) rs1978331, rs17525495 and rs2660898 in a case-control study involving 102 pulmonary tuberculosis patients and 456 controls from Mozambique. LTA4H, IL10 and IFNG SNPs showed no associations with pulmonary tuberculosis. However, distribution of the TNF -308A allele, genotype and carrier frequencies showed a significant risk association with tuberculosis that was maintained after adjustment for non-genetic variables and Bonferroni correction (AA genotype, OR = 1.9, p Bonf < 0.001; A allele OR = 2.9, p Bonf = 0.005 and GA/AA carrier OR = 2.6, p Bonf = 0.035). Interestingly, this association has not been reported in a sub-Saharan African population before. Our results suggest a role of -308 TNF polymorphism and tuberculosis susceptibility.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: FUNDAMENTOS: A hanseníase persiste como problema de saúde pública, e episódios de ENH são eventos agudos que ocorrem antes, durante e após PQT. Na última década, o uso da talidomida como agente imunomodulador foi expandido a outras doenças. OBJETIVOS: realizar revisão sistemática dos ensaios clínicos publicados sobre a eficácia e efeitos colaterais da talidomida no ENH. Descrever metodologia e resultados da triagem para recrutamento de ensaio clínico visando avaliar dose-resposta da talidomida seguida de desmame no ENH moderado e grave, realizado no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Analisaram-se ensaios publicados sobre talidomida no ENH. Foi delineado um ensaio clínico duplo-cego randomizado para avaliar dose de 100 thalid 300mg/dia de talidomida durante fase aguda de ENH, seguida de desmame da talidomida, thalid placebo. Para este ensaio clínico descreve-se metodologia e dados de recrutamento de pacientes, com ênfase na gravidade dos episódios de ENH. RESULTADOS: Os seis ensaios clínicos publicados nas décadas de 1960 e 1970 apontam para o benefício da talidomida no ENH, embora diferenças metodológicas dificultem a comparação. Na fase de recrutamento do ensaio brasileiro, dos 143 pacientes de ENH triados, 65% eram potencialmente elegíveis. A associação com neurite em 56,4% dos ENH moderados e graves exigiu co-intervenção com corticosteróide. CONCLUSÃO: O padrão de recrutamento dos pacientes evidenciou alta freqüência de neurite nos episódios de ENH. O esquema de talidomida isolada no ENH foi avaliado como infreqüente na prática clínica brasileira. O desafio atual é acumular evidências sobre a eficácia e efeitos colaterais da talidomida em associação com corticosteróides.
    Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia 10/2005; 80(5):511-522. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Considering that variability in immune response genes has been associated with susceptibility to leprosy and with disease severity, leprosy presents clinicopathological variants that are highly associated with the immune response, HLA-G has a well-recognized role in the modulation of the immune response, and polymorphisms at the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the HLA-G gene may influence HLA-G production, we studied the polymorphic sites at the 3' UTR of the HLA-G gene in leprosy and their association with disease severity. We evaluated by sequencing analysis the allele, genotype, and haplotype frequencies of the 3' UTR HLA-G polymorphic sites (14-bpINDEL/+3003C-T/+3010C-G/+3027A-C/+3035C-T/+3142C-G/+3187A-G/+3196C-G) in 146 individuals presenting reactive leprosy from a highly endemic area, and associated with bacillary load and the type of reactive leprosy. A total of 128 healthy subjects were also studied. Allele, genotype, and haplotype frequencies for the 3' UTR HLA-G polymorphisms in leprosy patients did not differ from those observed in healthy donors. The +3187A allele was responsible for protection against the development of multibacillary leprosy in a dominant model (AA + AG)/GG, OR = 0.11, P = 0.018), and the +3187A allele and +3187A-A genotype were overrepresented in type II reactive leprosy reaction. The effect of genetic factors on leprosy susceptibility may be hidden by environmental components in highly endemic areas. The HLA-G + 3187A polymorphic site, which is related to unstable mRNA production, was associated with the development of polar forms of leprosy and reactive leprosy reaction.
    Molecular genetics & genomic medicine. 09/2013; 1(3):123-30.

Full-text

Download
7 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014