T cell factor / lymphocyte enhancer factor (Tcf/Lef) transcription factors complex with the transcriptional co-activator beta-catenin to transduce Wnt signals in a variety of developmental systems. The prototypic family member Tcf-1 is highly expressed in T lineage cells. Tcf1-/- mice are defective in cell cycling of early thymocyte stages. Here, we show that the interaction of beta-catenin with Tcf-1 is required for full thymocyte development. This interaction may be established by signals mediated by Wnt1 and Wnt4, leading to increased Tcf-dependent transcriptional activity in thymocytes, as demonstrated in Tcf-LacZ reporter mice. Transduction of fetal thymocytes with Wnt1 and Wnt4 results in increased survival in an in vitro cell culture system. Retroviral expression of soluble Wnt receptor mutants that block Wnt signaling inhibits thymocyte development. These results imply an important role for the Wnt cascade in thymocyte development.
"OP9-DL1 stromal cells were found to express several Wnt genes, including Wnt4 and Wnt5A, and to a lesser extent, Wnt5B and Wnt10B (Fig. 5B). Of these, Wnt4 has previously been reported to have a role in thymopoiesis (Staal et al., 2001; Mulroy et al., 2002). OP9-Ctrl cells showed a similar pattern of Wnt gene expression (data not shown). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Functional decline of the hematopoietic system occurs during aging and contributes to clinical consequences, including reduced competence of adaptive immunity and increased incidence of myeloid diseases. This has been linked to aging of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) compartment and has implications for clinical hematopoietic cell transplantation as prolonged periods of T-cell deficiency follow transplantation of adult mobilized peripheral blood (PB), the primary transplant source. Here, we examined the gene expression profiles of young and aged HSCs from human cord blood and adult mobilized PB, respectively, and found that Wnt signaling genes are differentially expressed between young and aged human HSCs, with less activation of Wnt signaling in aged HSCs. Utilizing the OP9-DL1 in vitro co-culture system to promote T-cell development under stable Notch signaling conditions, we found that Wnt signaling activity is important for T-lineage differentiation. Examination of Wnt signaling components and target gene activation in young and aged human HSCs during T-lineage differentiation revealed an association between reduced Wnt signal transduction, increasing age, and impaired or delayed T-cell differentiation. This defect in Wnt signal activation of aged HSCs appeared to occur in the early T-progenitor cell subset derived during in vitro T-lineage differentiation. Our results reveal that reduced Wnt signaling activity may play a role in the age-related intrinsic defects of aged HSCs and early hematopoietic progenitors and suggest that manipulation of this pathway could contribute to the end goal of improving T-cell generation and immune reconstitution following clinical transplantation.
"Activation of the canonical Wnt pathway leads to the accumulation and translocation of β-catenin to the nucleus, which activates the transcription factors T cell factor (TCF) and lymphoid enhancer-binding factor (LEF). The latter is essential for preservation of hematopoietic stem cell functions and thymocyte maturation , , , . However, importance of the Wnt pathway in mature T cells must be better defined. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cancer can be treated by adoptive cell transfer (ACT) of T lymphocytes. However, how to optimally raise human T cells to a differentiation state allowing the best persistence in ACT is a challenge. It is possible to differentiate mouse CD8(+) T cells towards stem cell-like memory (T(SCM)) phenotype upon TCR stimulation with Wnt/ß-catenin pathway activation. Here, we evaluated if T(SCM) can be obtained from human mature CD8(+) T cells following TCR and Wnt/ß-catenin activation through treatment with the chemical agent 4,6-disubstituted pyrrolopyrimidine (TWS119), which inhibits the glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), key inhibitor of the Wnt pathway. Human CD8(+) T cells isolated from peripheral blood or tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), and treated with TWS119 gave rise to CD62L(+)CD45RA(+) cells, indicative of early differentiated stage, also expressing CD127 which is normally found on memory cells, and CD133, an hematopoietic stem cell marker. T(SCM) cells raised from either TIL or blood secreted numerous inflammatory mediators, but in lower amounts than those measured without TWS119. Finally, generated T(SCM) CD8(+) T cells expressed elevated Bcl-2 and no detectable caspase-3 activity, suggesting increased persistence. Our data support a role for Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in promoting the T(SCM) subset in human CD8(+) T cells from TIL and the periphery, which are relevant for ACT.
PLoS ONE 07/2012; 7(7):e41074. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0041074 · 3.23 Impact Factor
"All minimal promoters in previously generated Wnt/b-catenin signaling reporters were derived from the promoters of natural genes, such as heat shock protein, c-fos, thymidine kinase, and siamois (Riese et al., 1997; DasGupta and Fuchs, 1999; Staal et al., 2001; Dorsky et al., 2002; Geng et al., 2003; Maretto et al., 2003; Mohamed et al., 2004; Nakaya et al., 2005; Denayer et al., 2006; Moro et al., 2012). They not only contained TATA but also sequences derived from each gene promoter, which may be affected by non-specific signals (Robertson et al., 1995; Barolo, 2006). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evolutionarily conserved Tcf/Lef transcription factors (Lef1, Tcf7, Tcf7l1, and Tcf7l2) mediate gene expression regulated by Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which has multiple roles in early embryogenesis, organogenesis, adult tissue homeostasis, and tissue regeneration. However, the spatiotemporal dynamics of Tcf/Lef activity during these events remain poorly understood. We generated stable transgenic zebrafish lines carrying a new Wnt/β-catenin signaling reporter, Tcf/Lef-miniP:dGFP. The reporter revealed the transcriptional activities of four Tcf/Lef members controlled by Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which were expressed in known Wnt/β-catenin signaling-active sites during embryogenesis, organ development and growth, and tissue regeneration. We used the transgenic lines to demonstrate the contribution of Tcf/Lef-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling to the development of the anterior lateral line, dorsal and secondary posterior lateral lines, and gill filaments. Thus, these reporter lines are highly useful tools for studying Tcf/Lef-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling-dependent processes.
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